It is common practice in a quality medical center for physicians to engage in independent, even idiosyncratic, research agendas. Developing Action Research Questions: A Guide to Progressive Inquiry The questions asked by action researchers guide their process. Some will argue that side A, or B, or a perfect balance between them, is ideal, or even necessary, to call the process action research. You have also noticed some things that were working really well! One, is the local context this section, and the other, is the professional context review of literature. Action Research in the Classroom.
If this section is only a summary of events that happened, it is inadequate as a reflection. Paper presented at the American Educational Research Association conference, April 2011, New Orleans. Since this is the first year of this program, I would welcome any and all suggestions. Lastly, before data are used to make teaching decisions, teachers must be confident that the lessons drawn from the data align with any unique characteristics of their classroom or school. Now consider: If I set up community circle time to listen to students describe their learning experiences in my classroom description of the action , in what ways, if any, will the information about their learning processes lead to changes in my teaching practices description of the outcome that will be studied? It has been a great challenge. Cycle questions that might evolve should be specific with respect to the actions taken and the outcomes that will be monitored: If I create a wiki to share documents and increase coordination, to what extent will the teams use this means of storing information to coordinate their decision-making? An Evolving Logic of Participant Observation, Educational Ethnography, and Other Case Studies.
The results of this type of research are practical, relevant, and can inform theory. Step 4: Observe During this step of the action research process, you observe the groups of students working together. An operational definition of my target population: Third grade level teacher team of 3 to 4 teachers. How will this help in the classroom? Three Purposes for Action Research As stated earlier, action research can be engaged in by an individual teacher, a collaborative group of colleagues sharing a common concern, or an entire school faculty. The loneliness of teaching is unfortunate not only because of its inefficiency, but also because when dealing with complex problems the wisdom of several minds is inevitably better than one. Understanding Action Research Margaret Riel Action research is not a single approach but rather represents a tension between a number of forces that lead to personal, professional and social change. The wisdom that informs practice starts coming from those doing the work, not from supervisors who oftentimes are less in touch with and less sensitive to the issues of teaching and learning than the teachers doing the work.
They accomplish this in the same manner as do the physicians at the medical center. Her solution might be to offer breakfast items like fruit in the classroom. Sure, there are all types of methods of teaching in the classroom, but action research works very well because the cycle offers opportunity for continued reflection. Action research is one way that teachers do this. Teacher evaluations of individual teachers pose many well-known challenges to administrators.
Teachers face an array of challenges in the classroom, from absences to poor academic performance to distractions from technology. Seeing students grow is probably the greatest joy educators can experience. That documentation process should utilize both descriptive and reflective writing. Although they differ somewhat from state to state and province to province, fundamentally these standards-based systems have certain things in common. You and your team of researchers hope to identify reasons why students are not completing their homework and then be able to share the results with all staff at your school to garner some conversation on how to improve the problem.
Making Progress on Schoolwide Priorities Increasingly, schools are focusing on strengthening themselves and their programs through the development of common focuses and a strong sense of esprit de corps. Fortunately, classrooms and schools are, by their nature, data-rich environments. You can work individually or as a group. Do you have any recommendations for me? Change is ongoing and, at times, difficult, but it is an important element in remaining effective as a teacher. You and your team of researchers your colleagues go through the surveys, take notes, organize the responses into categories and share in the task of summarizing each of the questions in regards to overall consensus of answers. To use this method teachers or educational researchers first identify a problem.
Surpassing ourselves: An inquiry into the nature and implications of expertise. Guiding School Improvement with Action Research by Richard Sagor Chapter 1. The Center for Collaborative Action Research is part of a process of developing the community of action researchers for each cadre. My topic, Ensure the use of technology in the classroom enhances the curriculum and promotes higher-level thinking. Social Change -The primary outcomes of action research is the shift in the social context where people collectively change how they act, think and feel A. If you have not gained new insights about the problem and your problem-solving action, it is likely that you are only summarizing.
Step 5—Analyzing Data Although data analysis often brings to mind the use of complex statistical calculations, this is rarely the case for the action researcher. Problem-Based Approach- Action Researchers locate problems and engage in progressive problem solving in cycles B. This theory testing requires a careful attention to data, and skill in interpretation and analysis. With the data, my colleagues and I will be able to determine our best path as we tweak our curriculum and make recommendations for our students to assist them in meeting their education goals. My action research plan is already in motion within my school and district that I am joining. Collaboration is not the same as compromise, but it involves a cyclical process of sharing, of giving, and of taking. In Leslie Patterson, Carol M.
Many times the same kids struggle in all content areas. Finally, your research should allow you to improve your teaching and your ability to help students learn and be successful. Administrative and teachers sites will provide a more transparent look into school happenings. According to Eileen Ferrance at the Northeast and Islands Regional Educational Laboratory at Brown University, good action research topics in education are meaningful, concise, and higher-order questions that have not already been answered. By discussing the distinctive needs of individual students at team meetings or after school within grade levels between teachers of various disciplines, a consensus on how to help individual students can be achieved. My population is 85 9th grade repeaters, most of whom are also Economically Disadvantaged.
Teachers not only see these events transpiring before their eyes, they generally record these events in their grade books. Selecting a focus begins with the teacher researcher or the team of action researchers asking: What element s of our practice or what aspect of student learning do we wish to investigate? Then, they collect data on this problem, and interpret what that information might mean. Classroom practice and children's experiences are changed, and in the process, there is improvement in learning. Personalizing Instruction One topic for action research that can be initiated is how to personalize instruction to match the diverse needs of students. Theory from Practice - Using practices to generate theories beginning with values, needs and knowledge of human interaction B.