The novel is a warning of too much power and political corruptness. Pilkington who brushes him off saying that he could just sell him his farm. In regards to the Russian Revolution, Napoleon represents Joseph Stalin. After the windmill is completed in August, Napoleon sells a pile of timber to ; , a neighboring farmer who pays for it with forged banknotes. In the winter, as conditions become worse on Animal Farm, Napoleon deceives the human world into thinking Animal Farm is prospering.
Therefore, any human behavior is considered contrary to the spirit of Animalism. Jones invites him to a gathering he is hosting, also wishing to talk about his debts with Mr. . The animal inhibitants of an English farm, spurred on by dreams of dominating the Earth and ruling together and equally, take over, and at first, all is well. When Napoleon is seen in public, he always has a black cockerel walking in front of him like a trumpeter. Jones blows the windmill up with dynamite.
Mollie: A horse who leaves when the animals revolt. Old Major makes a speech, calling for animals to rise up against their farmers. By lightening his allegory with ironic humor, Orwell makes the story more palatable without taking away from his message. He also has some characteristics taken from Lenin. No animal shall sleep in a bed. He tells the animals stories about a place above the clouds called Sugarcandy Mountain, where he says that all animals go when they die—but only if they work hard. Pilkington drives a cart with his wife and two sons through Mr.
In this scene, the reader is led to focus not as much on the means of execution as on the animalistic, atrocious reality of execution itself. Jones is an alcoholic and the animals revolt against him after he drinks so much that he forgets to feed or take care of them, and his attempt to recapture the farm is foiled in the Battle of the Cowshed, alluding to the Russian Civil War. Major delivers a rousing political speech about the evils inflicted upon them by their human keepers and their need to rebel against the tyranny of Man. Lesson Summary Animal Farm, written by George Orwell, is an allegorical story about the Soviet Union's early years. Snowball begins drawing plans for a windmill, which will provide electricity and thereby give the animals more leisure time, but Napoleon vehemently opposes such a plan on the grounds that building the windmill will allow them less time for producing food. However, Major's speech is the most important part of the chapter, and through it Orwell displays his great understanding of political rhetoric and how it can be used to move crowds in whichever direction the speaker wishes. Because they are smarter than the other animals, the pigs start to run the farm.
The pigs send him away to be slaughtered. At the end of the novel, some animals are declared more equal than others, and both animals and readers can no longer tell the difference between the pigs and the humans. To make matters worse, Napoleon has begun to hire outside human help, a violation of one of the central commandments. The men lose and they are chased off the farm. Snowball's speeches are strong, but Napoleon runs a better campaign. Frederick, tries to kill the animals and take over the farm.
Unfortunately, a storm comes and knocks over what was built of the windmill and the animals must work throughout the winter to rebuild it. She likes sugar so much that when eating of sugar is banned, she smuggles some into the farm. The animals are none the wiser until reads the lettering on the side of the van. He follows the party blindly, without question, and just continues to work to gain favor with them. Some of the animals are working with other farms, while some of the animals are fighting to become the leader of the farm.
They break down the farmhouse door, tour it, and decide it should be preserved as a museum. Soon, however, Napoleon gets a taste for power, drives out Snowball, and establishes a totalitarian regime as brutal and corrupt as any human society. The revolution happens much earlier and more easily than the animals expect. The pigs continue to run the farm, but now walk on two legs and wear clothing, making it nearly impossible to tell them apart from humans. It also warns of the danger of a working class that does not question authority and how quickly this authority can become evil.
Accordingly, she quickly leaves for another farm after the animals take over and is only once mentioned again. The animals have several ceremonies to honor themselves and their newfound freedom and have even devised a flag. Despite the successes, Snowball and Napoleon are always at odds. Frederick — The owner of Pinchfield, a small but well-kept neighbouring farm. They chase Snowball off the farm and Napoleon assumes complete control. So the animals go into the barn to feed themselves. The pigs teach Animalism to the animals, overcoming the worry, apathy, and selfishness of the others.
As the leader of the farm, he stops all meetings, names himself the head of all committees, and even rewrites history to make himself look better. Clover: A motherly horse that is close friends with Boxer. They are grouped into , , and other animals. That means this book is not about some talking pigs on a farm. He represents religious leaders, specifically the Russian Orthodox Church, which is banned when the pigs came to power. It is at this point that Snowball the pig seems to be taking over while Napoleon, another leader, tries to undermine him.