He may also convene one or both houses during extraordinary circumstances. If a President shall not have been chosen, the Vice-President-elect shall act as President until a President shall have been chosen and qualified. General Legislative Power- enact laws 2. Tomas, Albano, Tumauini, Ilagan, Divilican, Maconacon, and Palanan; Second District: Municipalities of Aurora, San Manuel, Roxas, Mallig, Quezon, Quirino, Burgos, Gamu, Naguilian, Benito Soliven, An Mariano; Third District: Municipalities of Reina Mercedes, Cauayan, Luna, Cabatuan, San Mateo, Alicia, Angadanan, and San Guillermo; Fourth District: Municipalities Cordon, Santiango, Ramon, San Isidro, Echague, Jones, San Agustin, and Dinapigui. Guazon Street up to Pasig River to mouth of Estero de San Miguel on Pasig River. Bona fide candidates for any public office shall be free from any form of harassment and discrimination. The Members of the Supreme Court and judges of lower courts shall hold office during good behavior until they reach the age of seventy years or become incapacitated to discharge the duties of their office.
The order and the list of the sequestered or frozen properties shall forthwith be registered with the proper court. The authority shall provide policy direction in the areas of money, banking, and credit. At no time shall all Members of the Commission belong to the same profession. Explanations: Age and residence still constitute the basic requirements of suffrage which is a right. Individuals and private groups, including corporations, cooperatives, and similar collective organizations, shall have the right to own, establish, and operate economic enterprises, subject to the duty of the State to promote distributive justice and to intervene when the common good so demands.
The Congress shall provide a system for securing the secrecy and sanctity of the ballot as well as a system for absentee voting by qualified Filipinos abroad. Ignacia, Camiling, Moncada, San Manuel, Anao, Paniqui, Ramos, San Clemente, and Pura; Second District: Municipalities of Tarlac, Gerona, and Victoria; Third District: Municipalities of Bamban, Capas, Concepcion, and La Paz. Debates- authors are given time to deliver his speech to convince his colleagues and to make his co-legislators be in favor of the authors bill which is needed in the voting of the approval of the bill. The term also applied to an election at which any proposed amendment to, or revision of, the Constitution is submitted to the people for their ratification. The observance of the principle that ours is a government of laws, and not of men.
The armed forces shall be insulated from partisan politics. Its approved annual appropriations shall be automatically and regularly released. Until otherwise provided by the Congress, the President may constitute the Metropolitan Manila Authority to be composed of the heads of all local government units comprising the Metropolitan Manila area. It provides for the qualification, terms of office, election, and power and functions of the President. Upon approval of the draft by the Committee, the new charter was ratified in 1943 by an assembly of appointed, provincial representatives of the , the organization established by the Japanese to supplant all previous political parties. The State shall promote the principle of shared responsibility between workers and employers and the preferential use of voluntary modes in settling disputes, including conciliation, and shall enforce their mutual compliance therewith to foster industrial peace.
Kung magkabakante sa Senado o sa Kapulungan ng mga Kinatawan, maaaring tumawag ng tanging halalan upang punan ang pagkakabakanteng iyon sa paraang itinakda ng batas, ngunit ang Senador o Kagawan ng Kapulungan ng mga Kinatawan na mahahalal sa gayong paraan ay manunuparan sa loob lamang ng nalalabing panahon ng di pa natapos na taning. The State recognizes the sanctity of family life and shall protect and strengthen the family as a basic autonomous social institution. The President may call a special session at any time. The State shall give priority to education, science and technology, arts, culture, and sports to foster patriotism and nationalism, accelerate social progress, and promote total human liberation and development. The Congress, voting jointly, by a vote of at least a majority of all its Members in regular or special session, may revoke such proclamation or suspension, which revocation shall not be set aside by the President. The Supreme Court shall have the following powers: 1 Exercise original jurisdiction over cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, and over petitions for certiorari, prohibition, mandamus, quo warranto, and habeas corpus. The Congress may, however, require increased Filipino equity participation in all educational institutions.
The Commission shall act on all appointments submitted to it within thirty session days of the Congress from their submission. Science and technology are essential for national development and progress. The incumbent Members of the Judiciary shall continue in office until they reach the age of seventy years or become incapacitated to discharge the duties of their office or are removed for cause. The Ombudsman and his Deputies shall have the rank of Chairman and Members, respectively, of the Constitutional Commissions, and they shall receive the same salary, which shall not be decreased during their term of office. The only way that changes can be made to the Constitution, is if new amendments are added to it; no other clause or forms of change can take place, apart from this, when the government, or any one party is attempting to make new rules or amend the Constitution. Adopted: Cecilia Munoz Palma President Ambrosio B.
Voluntary renunciation of the office for any length of time shall not be considered as an interruption in the continuity of the service for the full term for which he was elected. The Commission shall rule by a majority vote of all the Members. The Supreme Court shall have administrative supervision over all courts and the personnel thereof. It shall consider these rights in the formulation of national plans and policies. Science and technology are essential for national development and progress. The national language of the Philippines is Filipino. Corpuz, Esperanza, Placer, and Cawayan.
The President shall not be eligible for any re-election. For those issued after such ratification, the judicial action or proceeding shall be commenced within six months from the issuance thereof. Private enterprises, including corporations, cooperatives, and similar collective organizations, shall be encouraged to broaden the base of their ownership. The provisions of the existing Rules of Court, judiciary acts, and procedural laws not inconsistent with this Constitution shall remain operative unless amended or repealed by the Supreme Court or the Congress. For that purpose, the Congress shall convene, if it is not in session, within forty-eight hours, in accordance with its rules and without need of call. The Congress shall convene once every year on the fourth Monday of July for its regular session, unless a different date is fixed by law, and shall continue to be in session for such number of days as it may determine until thirty days before the opening of its next regular session, exclusive of Saturdays, Sundays, and legal holidays.