Watershed development: Development of watersheds is an important programme to make best use of the rainwater for agricultural production while improving soil conservation and biodiversity. Control of water flow and floods will prevent soil erosion. India has many social problems and frequent water crisis in many States is one of them. Mumbai in the west, with deficiency rate of 43. Around two-thirds of that is tucked in frozen glaciers and unavailable for our use. Modern sanitation policies are being drafted that both conserve and prudently utilize water sources.
Global warming is posing further challenge, as the water requirement for crops will increase due to higher evapo-transpiration. However, with growing demand for water and depletion of the available water, assured supply of good quality water is becoming a growing concern. The regulations and policies can address the water-related problems including aspects such as water reuse, water resource management, water rights, industrial water use, wetland restoration, domestic water supplies, , and others. That was the need of the hour. Increases in food prices and lack of water inflame and cause population migration to where water is readily accessible. It already affects every continent and around 2.
Water scarcity leads to food shortages while raising commodity prices thereby hindering trade with developing economies and in the long run cause civil unrest. Relying on monsoon rains without proper irrigation or water management techniques has been a recipe for disaster. The Rivers Narmada and Chamabal run clean with water fit for consumption. The voter, especially the rural voter, has no illusions. And the next nearest rains are six months away. Presently, in spite of good rainfall distribution, the country is unable to make good use of rain water, because of lack of awareness and poor infrastructure to construct dams and reservoirs.
Reporting by Nita Bhalla; Editing by Tim Pearce Latest News Scientific American is part of Springer Nature, which owns or has commercial relations with thousands of scientific publications many of them can be found at. There are several success stories across the country where farmers and field practitioners have innovated different methods for efficient and low cost water harvesting. Social Problems caused due to water scarcity — Every problem has its own consequences. If Day Zero dawns, that will drop to about 25 litres. Water conservation is the best method to solve the issue of water scarcity in India.
This highlights the extent of flooding of the river and harassment to the people living along the river. Research and development: There is a need for investing in research related to ground water monitoring, weather forecasting, breeding water efficient and drought resistant crops and varieties which can cope up with the changing climatic conditions, arising due to global warming. India has a target for 40 percent of its power to come from renewables by 2030 under the Paris Agreement on Climate Change. This will help in keeping the water sources clean and reducing the future demand for water. Thankfully, some measures are underway to improve the scenario. Water scarcity impacts India, China, and the Middle East which face serious drought conditions thereby causing farms to reduce their crop production and food prices to spike dangerously.
Even if the project of linking the rivers is taken up this year it will take several years for the project to be completed. It is estimated that in New Delhi alone, 36 million tons of sewage is generated everyday of which only 50% is treated and the rest is let out into the Yamuna river directly. If the northern and the southern rivers can be linked there will be perennial water supply to all the States. A good government knows how to deal with water shortage. It is an indirect approach to reducing water demands and is it usually critical in maintaining the supply-demand balance. Recognizing physical and economic growth directly ties to the amount of safe, usable water is another step in right direction.
For this reason, water scarcity commonly contributes to lower yields and death of animals particularly in the arid and semiarid regions and as such, it results in hunger, poverty, and thirst. Few of them are: - Reducing the wastage of water - Protection of clean water from pollution - Usage of protective covering around the trees. A Major Lack of Resources With the planets second largest population at 1. Even the drains for carrying sewage water were planned and built for a small population. There may be engineering problems in the linking of rivers as there may be vast level variations between one river and another. By Keith Schneider, Circle of Blue, December 4, 2018 Photographs © J. The Government of India should consider enforcing a ban on flood irrigation in the country.
India already has a target for 40% of its power to come from renewables by 2030, under the. Establishment of farm ponds of 8 x 8 m or 10 x 10 m size with 2-3 m depth, is a unique concept for decentralised storage of surface run off water. Among various continents, Asia has 36% of the available fresh water reserves, with over 60% of the world population where water is a scarce commodity. As more areas come under traditional irrigation techniques, the stress for water available for other purposes will continue. This will lead to water scarcity situation and most of the people, particularly those who are dependent on agriculture and living in poverty will suffer the most. Another key economic implication of water scarcity is the effect on agriculture. The bore wells which are not in use because of its small supply of water can be used effectively by sound technical knowledge.