در صورتی که کشتی گرفتن با تفکرات کسی همپایه فروید رو م از آخرین کتاب های فروید، و اولین کتابی که من ازش خونده م. بلکه تمدن بیشتر نگاهش به جمع است. Civilization diminishes the liberty and freedom of the individual. I suspect that Freud will be better remembered as a thinker and philosopher than as an analyst or doctor precisely because he asks the questions that remain relevant for civilization today, and are likely to remain imperative in the future. I was keen to follow up immediately with some re-reading of Freud.
Freud had this tendency to make pretty obvious and minor premises and then jump to big and somehow unrelated conclusions depending on said premises. تا خیالش از تمدید نسل بشر مطمئن باشد! In this sense Freud shares in a general cultural pessimism, or anti-modernism, a kind of skepticism about the accomplishments of civilization, that is typical of this period. If he was some ancient Greek or Medieval thinker, his ideas might not seem as strange. The objective world for Freud is always nothing other than the object of desire, and it makes its presence known by the fact that the ego cannot satisfy its own desire, but that this satisfaction must come from elsewhere, from an other that the ego cannot control. By analogy, Freud extends these conflicting instincts to the development of civilization, drawing a parallel with human development. In it he states his views on the broad question of man's place in the world, a place Freud defines in terms of ceaseless conflict between the individual's quest for freedom and society's demand for conformity. Underneath this is also an underlying argument that it is civilization itself which necessitates the death-drive and the existence of neuroses, again a common enough idea.
Hence religions project their gods typically as father figures, who are allusions to the desire for such a protective figure. The survival instinct, most known as Eros, is what moves all this relations either the goals of the individual, or the aims of the society for the preservation of the species, although, Freud presents another instinct, this, he says, is one of Aggressiveness and Destructiveness, the Death Instinct, calling it the primitive one, which comes naturally with the individual, except for the mother in relation to her male child. I heard once that scientists have started to think of the psyche as more like the British Parliament- contending constituencies which have more on the table than just a-fuckin' and a-fightin'. The whole sexual liberation movement drew inspiration from this sexually repressed Austrian. The rise of Nazism in Germany, however, and its echoes in Austria, made life in Vienna increasingly untenable.
Undoubtedly, Sigmund Freud is a classic. Freud rédige ce petit livre quelques mois avant la grande crise économique de 1929. Freud managed to publish a work titled Moses and Monotheism which expounded his psychoanalytic theory and explored Moses, one of the most important Jewish figures. From the beginning, Freud situates his investigation as a personal, rather than a totally objective, one. A brooding book that sounds the death knell for optimistic views on humanity's progress through civilization, Civilization and its Discontents begins with a recapitulation of Freud's disdainful views on religion as a psychological salve and then goes on to challenge enduring platitudes about human society: that civilization has emerged as a simple marker of progress of mankind over nature, protects us against suffering, and guards our liberties and happinesses.
This suggests that while some sexual freedom may beneficial, more is not necessarily better. In 1902, Freud was appointed Professor of Neuropathology at the University of Vienna, a post he held until 1938. By damping down the fire of his own sexual excitement he had subdued the natural force of fire. Thus our possibilities for happiness are restricted by the law. He cannot bring himself to judge civilization, and culture itself, and all his fellows, as inherently neurotic.
Freud adopts perhaps a bit hastily , a Nietzschean position with regard to the role of religion and institutions of social morality which curb and shape primordial human drives. Again because this is a late essay, and perhaps one reason why Freud sees it as unoriginal is that it feels like a medley of his greatest hits - Man creates God in his own image, specifically of an angry Father, the brothers overthrow the father, but internalise him as conscience. Sigismund Freud later changed to Sigmund was a neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis, who created an entirely new approach to the understanding of the human personality. As I was listening to this I had to pause to see what year he wrote this book. That part of the argument is sensible enough that the publishers see fit to include it on the back cover. You can't really make a workable model of human personality with his building blocks any more, can you? It rejoins what Victor Hugo and Tolstoy and Steinbeck show in their works.
However, the aggressive impulse threatens to destroy any civilization thus formed. All human cultural achievements and advancements. A peculiar method of investigation known as psycho-analysis has, however, enabled us to recognize that the symptoms of these disorders hysteria, obsessional neurosis, etc. ناچار به تحمیل محدودیت های سختی بر گرایشات و غرایز پرخاشگری و اروس شد تا به هستی ادامه دهد. يؤكد فرويد، من خلال مماثلات وأمثولات وسرديات قصصية لما للدين من خطر على الإنسان وعقله. Now days, we just don't add on the word neurosis or repression, but it's how we cope with the nature within ourselves and others. In 1938, shortly after the Nazis annexed Austria, Freud left Vienna for London with his wife and daughter Anna.
Yet, some, will seek to fulfill these demands in a way that is characterized by the repression their instinctual lives. کشمکش میان سلیقه های فردی و اوضاع اجتماعی که همان خاستگاه ملالتهای تمدن ست را نیک مینمایاند. Regardless of the extent to which he was correct, Freud's influence is undeniable. While there are a few gems in this work, I am mainly reminded why Freud is no longer taken seriously. چه دوستش داشته باشیم چه نه. Freud categorizes the oceanic feeling as being a regression into an earlier state of consciousness — before the ego had differentiated itself from the world of objects.