Lineage endogamy refers to marriage between the people from the same lineage. Caste endogamies usually have social barriers that are well-known and evident to everyone involved. Endogamy is also called in-marriage and is the custom of marrying within one's cultural group or clan. Some societies are very liberal with enforcing endogamy, while others have very rigid and punitive rules if endogamy is not followed. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press. However, it should be noted that group and cultural isolation may also lead to the group's extinction due to genetic disease within the group, which may wipe out the population. Despite the fact that many people tend to marry members of their own social group, there are some groups that practice endogamy very strictly as an inherent part of their moral values, traditions or religious beliefs.
However, class endogamy often reflects unacknowledged preferences that are mostly based on ethnicity, race, and religion. Exogamy is when a person marries outside of their social group or class. Endogamy is a common practice among displanted cultures attempting to make roots in new countries as it encourages group solidarity and ensures greater control over group resources which may be important to preserve where a group is attempting to establish itself within an alien culture. Historically, endogamy has been associated with aristocracy, religious groups, ethnic groups, and social classes. The organizational advantage of exogamy is that outsiders are constantly brought in, which might be desirable, e. The forms of exogamy are gotra exogamy, village exogamy, sapinda exogamy.
Types There are four well-known types of endogamy: village, lineage, caste, and class. Exogamy: All people prohibit marriage between individuals sharing certain degrees of blood or official relationships. Marriage within a specific group is termed as endogamy. Endogamy plays an important role in social stratification and can refer to different social factors such as occupations, activities, or education. It helps minorities to survive over a long time in societies with other practices and beliefs.
Village endogamy requires marriage within the village or territory. Endogamy is when one marries someone within one's own group. Hypergamy: This means the marriage of a girl into a higher caste or class than her own. These relationships are created because people feel more comfortable around people with similar lifestyles. Jary, David, and Julia Jary.
Exogamy also means that representatives of other, potentially enemy groups will be present in your own group, exerting pressure to avoid conflicts. . The notion of class endogamy greatly affects. The is based on an order of predominantly endogamous groups and its formation has been suggested to have originated from the social organization of endogamous groups. Then there are certain relations which are not to b e married, but the degree of nearness differs from community to community.
Just about any accepted social grouping may provide a boundary for endogamy. Exogamy is when one marries someone outside one's own group. Actors and actresses generally or with people in a similar industry. Marriage outside of a specific group especially as required by custom or law is exogamy. A endogamist would require marriage only to other Danes.
Top executives can pave the way for their offspring to follow a similar path in their business. This is known as exogamy i. Famous examples of strictly endogamous religious groups are the in Northern under Islamic majority , the , , , , and the of a non-Hindu minority in India. Ironically, isolationist practices of endogamy can also lead to a group's extinction rather than its survival. This type of social endogamy is very apparent in the United States.
Segregation Endogamy is a form of segregation that helps groups or communities resist integrating or merging with other groups or cultures who do not share the same beliefs or resources. Obtaining a job could be influenced by a bond created this way. The exchange of spouses across groups, is therefore a classical mechanism of alliance formation. Exogamy is outside of your social group and is inside your social group. Hughes, Michael, and Carolyn J. Such groups are usually defined in terms of kinship rather than in terms of politics or territory.