A longer view Trying to broaden the debate around how we define our national interest is often considered to be idealistic, unrealistic, sentimental even. While formulating the goals and objectives of national interest, all the nations must make honest attempts to make these compatible with the international interests of Peace, Security environmental protection, protection of human rights and Sustainable Development. In other words, national interest becomes different strokes for different folks, depending on how each perceives and wishes it. Nigeria's repositioning of its diplomacy from an Africa-centered to a citizen-centered one under the Yar'Adua administration, represents a monumental departure and paradigm shift from an old foreign policy tradition. Take, for example, the Australian Federal Police involvement in capacity-building of national police forces, , or the to internationally supported national elections. This paper examines the historical and new issues of multiculturalism in the challenge of national unity, with particular attention on the security dilemma for Nigeria in the 21st century, paying attention to the growing influence of the unchecked aliens in the swelling question and graver dangers of insecurity posed by non-patriotic aliens who flock into the nation through the porous borders. Political identity and Cultural identity.
There has been a long tradition of thought, since Kant's essay on Perpetual Peace, which considers the impact of domestic political institutions and national identity in shaping the projection of power internationally. At the domestic level it appears that political power can no longer be exercised in the traditional way. One of the ways the conception of humanitarianism is being bent completely out of shape, losing its specific gravity to use another image, is that suddenly we talk about everything in humanitarian terms. The behaviour of a state is always conditioned and governed by its national interests. The attempt to regain a sense of mission was strengthened by the restored sense of national pride in the aftermath of 'victory' in the Cold War.
This is a moment to seize. No matter how many countries were intervened against, there could be no victory or lasting success. All the nations are always engaged in the process of fulfilling or securing the goals of their national interests. The moral dualism of 'us' as upholders of human rights and 'them' as perpetrators of human wrongs has been the leitmotif of the post-Cold War shift to ethical foreign policy-making. In September 2008, Foreign Policy was bought by The Washington Post Company now. When the state interest is not sufficiently compelling, the law is struck down as unconstitutional. Each nation always tries to secure its vital interests even by means of war.
Again, the critics argued that a humanitarian war could not be fought from 35,000 feet and the sight of the most powerful military power on earth carpet bombing one of the poorest did little to reassert a sense of moral mission. The concept is an important one in , where pursuit of the national interest is the foundation of the school. It appears that the American establishment can not even convince itself of a sense of Manifest Destiny, let alone the rest of the world. Foreign Policy magazine and ForeignPolicy. It consists of the attempt to impress upon nations the necessity of securing the goals which a nation wishes to achieve. As Rieff suggests, the project of 'ethical' foreign policy was a fallacy; it was impossible to develop a coherent political strategy based purely on prevention. Thus, national interest which a nation seeks to secure can be generally categorized into these two parts.
Commentators from a variety of theoretical perspectives argue that the most developed nation states increasingly see themselves as having moral obligations to international society. There was broad agreement that the Soviet Union represented a dire threat to American security. I have tended to use it as the latter, i. Merton eds , International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, Vol. The international sphere has become the testing ground through which new attempts have been made to recreate a sense of a shared domestic political project.
Coercive Means: The role of power in international relations is a recognized fact. Ethical Foreign Policy page Home Page. Nations are always at work to secure their national interests and in doing so they adopt a number of methods. That is now more likely as a result of Obama agreeing to play Merchant of Death, and it relieves Israel and others of substantial costs and risk: American taxpayers will foot the bill, America will be the principal target of any blowback, and American rather than Israeli prestige will be on the line. Humanitarian Intervention In the aftermath of the Cold War the United States was the unchallenged world power with the preponderance of military might.
American Society of Magazine Editors. He is objective but also exceedingly insightful, and whoever reads his book will grasp the differences - as well as the weaknesses - between the various schools of thought on world affairs and war and peace. Political identity means politico- economic system and Cultural identity stands for historical values that are upheld by a nation as part of its cultural heritage. The General Interests: General interests of a nation refer to those positive conditions which apply to a large number of nations or in several specified fields such as economic, trade, diplomatic relations etc. American Society of Magazine Editors. The dependence of the poor and lowly- developed nations upon the rich and developed nations for the import of industrial goods, technological know-how, foreign aid, armaments and for selling raw materials, has been responsible for strengthening the role of economic instruments of foreign policy. Adding to the potential for confusion is the broad spectrum of foreign policy views that are commonly described as realist.
He carefully analyzes the place of the concept of national interest within these perspectives, arriving at conclusions that are well-argued and thought-provoking. A nation even decides to go to war for securing or protecting her vital interests. Israel lacks legal borders and has lived with chaos to its north for decades — one might almost say it thrives on chaotic borders. As an instrument of securing national interest, diplomacy is a universally recognized and most frequently used means. Rather than deriving new national identities or interests from international pressures, this article emphasises the possibility that international interventions can be driven by a domestic process of constituting and defining national identity.