Every organization requires raw materials and other materials for its operation that must be acquired, stored, and handled, and there is always necessity for enough stocks of materials and equipment to be maintained for immediate consumption and for short and long term requirements. Their inventory control is the responsibility of the materials management department, production department and the sales department. Efficient record-keeping and prompt reporting Materials management involves huge paper work. Whether they are dealing with or , understanding the needs of internal and external customers is key to success. It will be well worth the time and effort.
It is designed to ensure supply of materials of the right quality, in the right quantity, at the right time, at the right price, and at the right place acquired from the right source in order to ensure economy, efficiency, and smooth operation of the organization. These management details can range from locating vendors who supply unusual or obscure parts to maintaining contact with vendors and preparing and delivering purchase orders. Material management it is a tool of controlling decisions for certain transactions and it deals with the production process. Other important primary function of material management is quality control of materials which is important to buy the right quality of materials. The organization which has gone in a big way for the integrated materials management normally usually enjoy the following advantages. Although inventory function is more complex, more subtle, and the balances of costs and gains is much more difficult to find out, one of the objectives of materials management is to have the correct quantity and right quality of material on hand at the time required.
It is a conceptual frame for thoroughly addressing the movement of materials through the economy and the environment from extraction to end point. Material quality control intends to deliver product at superior quality at affordable price. Materials Planning and Programme, 2. The profit earned depends on the utilization of these materials and reducing the inventory of the materials. Therefore by analyzing and interpreting data of past sales, seasonal variations in prices, availability and demand for materials, it helps to forecast the future trends and planning of the material requirement accordingly.
Good relations with the suppliers is what is needed for the organization. It aims to assign the behaviors of all the personnel to accomplish the mission of the organization and objectives while helping them to accomplish their own career objectives. It is concerned with the flow of materials from suppliers to the organizational stores and to the user in the production department. Another function of material management is purchasing which has to be performed successfully with its suppliers. It will give you the schools background, accreditation, degree offerings, programs of study majors , entrance requirements, tuition and fees, financial assistance, room and board, athletic programs, school activities, etc. Concept of material management: Materials Management is merely the process by which firms are supplied with the goods and services that it needs to accomplish its objectives of buying, storage and movement of materials.
These functions assist in the accomplishment of the aforesaid basic, and primary and secondary objectives of material management. For example, low cost of acquisition and storing would come in conflict with minimizing the storing costs while, the objective of procurement at a low cost will conflict with continuous supply of materials. Materials management is part of and refers to overseeing the location and movement of physical items or products. Process Management is the application of knowledge, skills, tools, techniques and systems to define, visualize, measure, control, report and improve processes with the goal to meet customer requirements profitably. · Western Association of Schools and Colleges - Educational institutions in California, Hawaii, Guam, American Samoa, Micronesia, Palau, and Northern Marianas Islands. This foreshadows all other objectives, because idle time costs of men and machines push up overall costs of production and expediting supply means additional transport costs. There are numerous functions of material management.
To maintain consistent quality The materials manager should look for quality, even though the raw material is available at a lower cost. All the functions are primarily carried out by the store manager whose mission is to ensure t … hat goods are not below average as to satisfy the demands of customers. It is also called the idle resource of an enterprise. Secondary Functions The secondary objectives can only be fulfilled through the following key secondary functions of the materials management: Standardization and Generalization: The design and the technical department of an organization, which comes after the production department process, determine the standards and specifications of different types of materials. To solve problems … in the company you got to have these functions so that you can accomplish the mission and vision of your company.
Materials Management bridges the information gap between materials management, central service, administration, and clinicians and delivers valuable information on infection control issues. The object of materials management is to attack materials cost on all fronts and to optimize the overall end results. . When it is about the family business, staffing means the unpaid and paid positions held by family members including the owner or operators. It is a material control system that attempts to keep adequate inventory levels to assure that required Materials are available when needed.
Purchasing is a managerial activity that goes beyond the simple act of buying and includes the planning and policy activities covering a wide range of related and complementary activities. Every organization requires raw materials and other materials for its operation that must be acquired, stored, and handled, and there is always necessity for enough stocks of materials and equipment to be maintained for immediate consumption and for short and long term requirements. This is crucial as the materials management function usually involves handling a vast amount of data. This helps in evaluating the performance of materials management in an objective manner. Disposal of Scrap and Surplus.
Therefore the safe custody, up keep and maintenance, handling and proper supply of the materials are of great importance. It is ensured that every type or part of material is made available so that production is carried on smoothly. The very nature of the storage system is to act as a buffer between acquisition and various consuming departments. Manufacturing a standard product ensures overall cost of production. Furthermore, both real and contrived shortage of materials make materials management an important and difficult organizational function. It makes its contribution in the last stage of product cycle, namely, the maturity stage.