I grew up as a tom boy, I have always preferred to play with my brothers G. Somewhat similar to Erwing Goffman's , Butler sees to social arena as a theatrical stage on which we all play our assigned roles. For Butler, one is not born a man or a woman, one simply acts as a man or a woman act. This performativity includes a wide range of behaviors, from the way we talk, walk, perform certain rituals etc. Images and other media may be under different licences. What renders one intelligible also demarcates what is unintelligible.
What we know about sex? More appropriate, I suggest, would be a vocabulary that resists the substance metaphysics of subject- verb formations and relies instead on an ontology of present participles. Society expects parent to dress girls with a dresses and shoes as opposed to a t-shirt, shorts and sneaker. This always allows for rearticulation and re-inscription. Each set of acts draws closer on the continuum either to conforming to cultural and societal expectations or to contesting them. At the base of the performative gender identity Judith Butler places her notion of forced heterosexuality.
Do we need another Antigone? Unlike Arendt, who appears to believe that there are bodies that can remain private, Butler disagrees. By dramatic I mean only that the body is not merely matter but a continual and incessant materializing of possibilities. Much like newborns that do not possess the capacity to distinguish between males and females, sex has no meaning. Some people might think it is the external characteristics of a person what marks it, others believe it is what it is what you feel inside, and another may hold that is what society imposes them. In criticizing gender identity, rendering it as performative or performativity based, Judith Butler is undermining the distinction between gender and sex.
Actually, we used to think that gender is something we can rely on and without concrete definition it will be lost. Any act which deviates from its socially intended gender is subject to punishment. It is not something you are automatically born with. To do, to dramatize, to reproduce, these seem to be some of the elementary structures of embodiment. However, following Michael Warner, gay marriage might also make gays who marry more heteronormative thereby re-entrenching the status quo and further marginalizing those that are not yet before the law.
This performative model of gender which Butler outlines allows for an entire continuum of gender identities—because it is constituted through a unique combination of acts and mannerisms, the permutations are unlimited. As Butler asserts that gender is crafted through performative acts, she successfully Identifies the difference between gender and sex. Judith Butler claims that this is a fantasy which disguises itself as a law of natural development, but is in fact a regulating ideal which coerces gender identity upon subjects. A subcategory of the critical theory, the queer performative theory, assesses… States Constitution. Gendered acts produce gendered subjects that can generate them.
Gender is not simply a set of characteristics, duties and responsibilities. Drawing contributions from noted practitioners and scholars, Theatre Journal features social and historical studies, production reviews, and theoretical inquiries that analyze dramatic texts and production. The framers wrote the Constitution in order to equally divide the governing powers between several administrative branches. Gender identity should be observed in terms of acts and relations. This performance is informed by what is already historically constituted as gender and is performed by the individual through acts of the body. It is certainly valuable to explore how cultures do affect sexual roles, yet to deny if she does this that hormones do affect the brain at all stages of development is ignoring a central element of this important discussion. While performatives enact structures of exclusion, they are the same that give rise to conditions of radical demonstration.
The natural, material body is distinct and separate from the cultural meanings it comes to bear. I think one example of what Judith Butler wrote about may exist in the transsexual community. It a product of interaction with society, a product of things you learn from society. I thank you for the Constitution. If gender were biologically established, this would never be the case. Although a body may not be in the space of appearance, or the sphere of the polis, their exclusion from that realm is a result of discursively constructed performative effects upon the body that marginalize or exclude it. If the body is only known through its gendered appearance the cultural constructed significance that body assumes , what we know about the body? Among the many theories emerges the critical theories of gender, which analyzes how a specific group prioritizes their perspectives of gender while simultaneously attempting to advance dominant dogma.
Using past philosophies and theatrical examples, she discusses the complex nature of gender identity that exists through the false reality of societal values and sanctions. Is the government still allowed to make decisions based on the constitution? We enact the reality of gender with our bodies. By acting a certain way you are consolidating that you are the gender doing that. Can we know sex as distinct from gender? Though phenomenology sometimes appears to assume the existence of a choosing and constituting agent prior to language who poses as the sole source of its constituting acts , there is also a more radical use of the doctrine of constitution that takes the social agent as an object rather than the subject of constitutive acts. The subversive uses of performativity are manifest through citation and re-citation of the performative. Austin, How to Do Things with Words 1-11 1962.