Later coins contained Bactrian language and the Greek divinities on the coins replaced by Iranic ones. The coins portray images of Indo-Aryan, Greek, Iranian and even Sumero-Elamite divinities, demonstrating the religious syncretism in his beliefs. He beautified the city of Mathura with several buildings Monasteries and Stupas. The city of Pataliputra was formed by fortification of a village by Haryanka ruler Bimbisara and its central location in north eastern India led rulers of successive dynasties to base their administrative capital here, from the Nandas, Mauryans, Shungas and the Guptas down to the Palas. On his coins, the king is often pictured as a bearded man during a long coat and trousers gathered at the articulatio talocruralis, with flames emanating from his shoulders. Under this art, the Indian images and themes were worked out on stone according to the Greek style of figure-making. To counter -act the Chinese occupation of the Pamir regions, Kanishka sent an ambassdor to China to ask the Chinese emperor to give a Chinese Princess in marriage to him Kanishka.
It is a haven for Numismatists, Notaphilists, and Philatelists. At the time of his accession to the throne, the Kushana Empire included within its boundaries such territories as Afghanistan, a large part of Sindh, the Punjab, portions of Parthia, and Bactria. His coins depict Hindu, Buddhist, Greek, Persian and Sumerian-Elemite images of gods, showing his secular religious policy. Kanishka sent a huge army of 70,000 horses and men to attack the Chinese in the Trans- Pamir regions. However, there is no evidence to support this hypothesis.
With the development of Buddhist books, it caused a new written language called Gandhara. During the reign of Kanishka a new school of art called the Graeco - Buddhist School of an or Indo-Greek School of Art, came into existence in the valley of Peshwar called Gandhar. His conequests and patronage of Buddhism vie a vital role within the development of the trade route, and therefore the transmission of Mahayana Buddhism from Gandhara across the mountain range to China. He compiled the Mahavibhasha Sastra as a remarkable commentary on the Buddhist Tripitakas. Recognizing the importance of unification, these five tribes combined under the one dominate Kushan tribe, and the primary rulers descended from the Yuezhi. Yet with intensive devotion to Buddhism, Kanishka was not intolerant of other religions. It was from the time of Kanishka that Buddhism started penetrating deeply into Central Asia.
On the clearest coins, Boddhisatva looks to be carrying the armbands of Associate in Nursing Indian patrician, a feature usually seen on the staruary of Boddhisatva. Asvaghosha wrote Buddhackarita, which described the life of Buddha, written in Sanskrit in form of poetry. These two topes are still in existence and were resorted to for cures by people afflicted with diseases. In the high tide of Mahayana doctrines, Buddhism surged forward in distant directions to establish its predominance on the Asian humanity. The decisions of the Fourth Buddhist Council were recorded on copper plates and were preserved in a stupa.
Obverse: Kanishka standing, clad in heavy Kushan coat and long boots, flames emanating from shoulders, holding a standard in his left hand, and making a sacrifice over an altar. The Pakistani economy is the 24th-largest in the world in terms of purchasing power and it is ranked among the emerging and growth-leading economies of the world, and is backed by one of the worlds largest and fastest-growing middle classes. As a result of such cross-cultural connections, the Buddhist religion owes much of its development and spread throughout Asia to Kanishka and the Kushan. The Next important writer of this period was Nagaijuna. No monarch of foreign origin did so much to enhance the glory of Indian culture as did Kanishka.
It contains three bone fragments of the Buddha, which are now in Mandalay, Burma. So by his supernatural force he caused the king to see the torments of hell. There are evidences to show that Kanishka made it a great city. The Epigraphic records show that U. The new wave of art also influenced Jainism and Brahminism.
A king of the Śaka-Kūṣāna period c. Legend in Greek script: ΗΛΙΟΣ Helios. The Greek word for king is written ΒΑϹΙΛΕΩΣ, with both a lunate sigma and a normal sigma in the same word, the Kushans also added one character to the Greek script, it is the letter Ϸ, corresponding to the sound Sh, as in Kushan. A garland, supported by cherubs goes around the scene in typical Hellenistic style. Not only that he encouraged culture, but also he became a true representative of the liberal spirit of the Indian culture.
This work is regarded as an encyclopaedia of Buddhism. The Golden Hoard of Bactria: From the Tillya-tepe Excavations in Northern Afghanistan. Instead, the casket is usually attributed to Kanishka's successor Huvishka. It is a play on the word pāk meaning pure in Persian and Pashto, the letter i was incorporated to ease pronunciation and form the linguistically correct and meaningful name. Bronze coin of Kanishka, found in , modern China. At last, he felt remorse and his heart recalled from the horrors of bloodshed and wars. Sanskrit was the vehicle of the Mahayana literature and Pali was the medium of the Hinayana literature.
As depicted in sculpture and on coins of the period, he presented a forceful image; one statue of him in Mathura portrays him in the costume of a warrior. Kanishka divided his empire into several provinces for administrative convenience and reasons. The displaced Greek dynasties resettled to the southeast in areas of the and the basin in present-day Afghanistan and Pakistan , occupying the western part of the. He is an accomplished poet, musician, preacher, moralist, Philosopher, dramatist and a tale-teller. It was a centre of trade and commerce and attracted merchants and intellectuals, such as the famed Chanakya. The deeper philosophies of Buddhism came to be appreciated more and more at the higher intellectual level.