But the frightened master comes to him, and shrieks in his dead ear, What meanest thou, O, sleeper! Yea, woe to him who, as the great Pilot Paul has it, while preaching to others is himself a castaway! Then, in that contracted hole, sunk, too, beneath the ship's water-line, Jonah feels the heralding presentiment of that stifling hour, when the whale shall hold him in the smallest of his bowel's wards. Now Shipmates, woe to him who seeks to pour oil on the troubled waters when God has brewed them into a gale. Now, look here, bred'ren, just try wonst to be cibil, a helping yourselbs from dat whale. How billow-like and boisterously grand! Moby-Dick: A Longman Critical Edition. Woe to him whose good name is more to him than goodness! He goes down in the whirling heart of such a masterless commotion that he scarce heeds the moment when he drops seething into the yawning jaws page 46 awaiting him; and the whale shoots-to all his ivory teeth, like so many white bolts, upon his prison.
Melville employs the metaphor of the world is a ship and the pulpit is its prow. Melville, in the chapters The Pulpit and The Sermon, provides us with his core tenets and expands and clarifies these values through the events in the work. For months the ship survived the hazards of rounding Cape Horn and taking its prey. Because of his unrepentant spirit, Ahab eventually is killed by Moby Dick, and even drags his entire crew down with him. As with all sinners among men, the sin of this son of Amittai was in his wilful disobedience of the command of God— never mind now what that command was, or how conveyed—which he found a hard command. Any teaching that eliminates the need of soul winners here and abroad is from the pits of hell. For sinful as he is, Jonah does not weep and wail for direct deliverance.
These examples only scratch the surface. Aye, shipmates, Jonah was gone down into the sides of the ship—a berth in the cabin as I have taken it, and was fast asleep. Woe to him whose good name is more to him than goodness! But mark now, my shipmates, the behavior of poor Jonah. A dreadful storm comes on, the ship is like to break. In fact, he illegally changes the mission of the ship of which he is captain, The Pequod. Here, we meet the chaplain, 'a man of a certain venerable robustness'.
The eager mariners but ask him who he is, and where from; whereas, they not only receive an answer to those questions, but likewise another answer to a question not put by them, but the unsolicited answer is forced from Jonah by the hard hand of God that is upon him. He leaves all his deliverance to God, contenting himself with this, that spite of all his pains and pangs, he will still look toward His holy temple. Away, cook, and deliver my message. But all in vain; the indignant gale howls louder; then, with one hand raised invokingly to God, with the other they not unreluctantly lay hold of Jonah. Jonah, that s another stab. Not a forger, any way, he mutters; and Jonah is put down for his passage. Once again he sets the mood, and forces the reader to be attentive.
Ishmael delineates the entrance and appearance of Father Mapple in detail. Jonah, appalled at the hostility he should raise, fled from his mission, and sought to escape his duty and his God. Jonah's story parallels Ahab's in that it represents man's relationship with his universe and his god s. The novel opens on New Bedford, Massachusetts: a whaling city and important sea port. By all accounts Tarshish could have been no other city than the modern Cadiz.
Delight is to him whose strong arms yet support him, when the ship of this base treacherous world has gone down beneath him. Hearing him foolishly fumbling there, the Captain laughs lowly to himself, and mutters something about the doors of convicts' cells being never allowed to be locked within. Delight is to him—a far, far upward, and inward delight—who against the proud gods and commodores of this earth, ever stands forth his own inexorable self. The chaplain, Father Mapple, used to be a sailor. Father Mapple believes, as does, that truth is clear to see, and that human beings must pursue it in spite of all obstacles.
Analysis The setting is the Whaleman's Chapel, and everything about it reminds the visitor of life and death at sea. A former whaler, he has become a preacher in the Whaleman's Chapel. At first glance Father Mapple appeared plain, pious, and serene, as the congregation carefully observed him remove his wet clothes and ascend the pulpit. From thence it is the storm of God's quick wrath is first descried, and the bow must bear the earliest brunt. A conscience ridden Jonah attempts to rest in his berth, but his soul is tormented and he cannot sleep.
There now came a lull in his look, as he silently turned over the leaves of the Book once more; and, at last, standing motionless, with closed eyes, for the moment, seemed communing with God and himself. And how pleasing to God was this conduct in Jonah, is shown in the eventual deliverance of him from the sea and the whale. Woe to him who, in this world, courts not dishonor! Frighted Jonah trembles, and summoning all his boldness to his face, only looks so much the more a coward. And ever, as the white moon shows page 45 her affrighted face from the steep gullies in the blackness overhead, aghast Jonah sees the rearing bowsprit pointing high upward, but soon beat downward again towards the tormented deep. Don't be tearin' de blubber out your neighbour's mout, I say. Then there is the captain of The Rachel, who lost his son while he was pursuing Moby Dick. Father Mapple proceeds to paint Jonah as a guilt-ridden fugitive from God who has a self-condemning look about him, as he buys his way onto a ship in his attempt to flee.
Delight is to him whose strong arms yet support him, when the ship of this base treacherous world has gone down beneath him. Melville expands and elaborates this theme throughout his epic work. Critics believe that Father Mapple was crafted by fusing two New England ministers Melville may have encountered. Woe to him who, in this world, courts not dishonour! Delight is to him, who gives no quarter in the truth, and kills, burns, and destroys all sin though he pluck it out from under the robes of Senators and Judges. And ever, as the white moon shows her affrighted face from the steep gullies in the blackness overhead, aghast Jonah sees the rearing bowsprit pointing high upward, but soon beat downward again toward the tormented deep. He skulks about the wharves of Joppa, and seeks a ship that s bound for Tarshish.
You'll write powerful and fresh messages every week with our preparation tools on a number of sermon topics, including expository preaching. Rather there is a rope ladder, similar to those used to board a whaling ship, which Father Mapple employs to surmount the pulpit. How plainly he's a fugitive! Then there is the ship The Rachael, whose captain is searching for his son who was lost at sea while they were pursuing Moby Dick. And now how gladly would I come down from this mast-head and sit on the hatches there where you sit, and listen as you listen, while some one of you reads me that other and more awful lesson which Jonah teaches to me as a pilot of page 47 the living God. He feels that his dreadful punishment is just. Jonah seeks repentance, whereas Ahab is self -possessed. Yea, woe to him who, as the great Pilot Paul has it, while preaching to others is himself a castaway! The soaking wetness detailed in his coat, shoes and hat may be linked in symbolism of hope and fruition.