Mulvey theory. The Male Gaze Theory on Vimeo 2019-01-20

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Film Theory 101

mulvey theory

All three of these movies have a male protagonist. It is at the very climax of the film though, that the male gaze resurfaces in all its voyeuristic splendor, as Ripley controversially strips down to her tiny panties for no plot-necessitated reason, to be watched and panned over by the camera. How might such a change take place? You were too busy looking at the woman. We at this point could argue that this racy and suggestive body language is not how she is actually moving, it is how Bond sees her move in his mind. As an erotic object for the characters within the narrative to view 2.

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Laura Mulvey

mulvey theory

Though sometimes unintended and not meant to be harmful, the images or roles of women portrayed through the male gaze perspective are seen by some feminist writers and theorists as even supporting dangerous ideas which include violence against women. In the clip the female is further seen as promiscuous and shows attraction towards the male through her movements. The acceptance of the male gaze by most makes it easier for a male director to tell his story, whereas a female director must either work within the parameters of this accepted male gaze or work hard to escape it and find another way to tell their story. The Male Gaze suggests that the female viewer must experience the narrative secondarily, by identification with the male. The male gaze creates a power imbalance. It is an example of an illustrative music video where the lyrics of the song relate to that of the visuals within the music video. The actress has large lips, which are an indexical signifier of oral sex, and are also seen as a vaginal porthole, her lipstick further inviting this theory.

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of Laura Mulvey and the “Male Gaze”.

mulvey theory

This third perspective allows the male audience to take the female character as his own personal sex object because he can relate himself, through looking, to the male character in the film. Republish our articles for free, online or in print, under Creative Commons licence. She argues for a removal of the voyeurism encoded into film by creating distance between the male spectator and the female character. Audiences are forced to view women from the point of view of a heterosexual male, even if they are heterosexual women or homosexual men. Clearly, industry standards have been set, both artistically and professionally, with a distinctly male undertone. While, in conventional cinema the camera does tend to perpetuate male as the looker and the female as the looked upon, the fluidity of genders makes such an assumption not always valid.

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Mulvey’s Theory of the Male Gaze in Alien: Does it Hold Up?

mulvey theory

The illustration makes a good point about double standards. Initially in the United States in the early 1970s feminist film theory was generally based on and focused on the function of female characters in film or. The camera consistently focuses on the curves of the female body regardless of any genre. Originating in film theory and criticism in the 1970s, the gaze refers to how we look at visual representations. Additionally, they have begun to explore notions of difference, engaging in dialogue about the differences among women part of movement away from in feminist work more generally , the various methodologies and perspectives contained under the umbrella of feminist film theory, and the multiplicity of methods and intended effects that influence the development of films. Certainly, beautiful men abound in cinema. It's also believed that because women are rarely portrayed from the position of power, they are normally reduced to objects to be admired instead of playing an actual role.

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The Male Gaze: Definition & Theory

mulvey theory

The growing female presence in the film industry was seen as a positive step toward realizing this goal, by drawing attention to feminist issues and putting forth an alternative, true-to-life view of women. Differently, fetishism deals with the castration anxiety idealising the female body, deniying its castration and unconsciously pervading mass media. Therefore women change their identity to match the identities that celebrities only want us to see. Laura Mulvey says that by looking at music video's, we see women through the male perspective or supposedly how women should be seen by men. This movie, despite being directed by a female director, shows instances of the male gaze, and it is not the only female-helmed project that does this.

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Mulvey’s Theory of the Male Gaze in Alien: Does it Hold Up?

mulvey theory

In the climactic moment she fires a harpoon from her midsection, destroying the phallic alien with a more potent phallic weapon of her own Newton 76. Hiring more women may have an effect, but there is no evidence that this solves the problem. These independent and less mainstream movies must be given a chance to be seen by more people, and thus add new methods to the library of what is possible and effective. The female talks about the engine, and then refers to it as 'pretty impressive. Although most of the words are mechanical jargon, all the aspects of the film come together to make them seem dirty camera angles, character reactions, digetic and non-digetic sound etc.

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The Male Gaze Theory on Vimeo

mulvey theory

In away you could imply that the girl belongs to the guy therefore she waits for him, like an object waiting to be used again. This makes her seem in control and more independent. In the realm of pleasure. She likes to critically analyse films, alongside writing articles that regard film theory or discuss the work of cinematic icons. Queer theory, such as that developed by , has grounded its work in Mulvey to explore the complex projections that many gay men and women fix onto certain female stars e. Visual media that respond to masculine voyeurism tends to sexualise women for a male viewer. Jasmine, the Disney princess in Aladdin for example, features a small, tight crop top revealing her chest and stomach, and her waist is almost the same width as her neck, therefore enforcing unrealistic goals for what little girls want to look and aspire to be like.


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The Male Gaze Laura Mulvey

mulvey theory

There are women today who do phenomenal work on movies that break the traditional confines of narrative cinema, but these movies are almost never given recognition for their excellence. The male audience can easily identify with Sam, causing the male spectator to simultaneously view the Mikaela as an erotic object. Why do we still see the same roles for women in film and television regurgitated over and over again? As well as this others may argue that a male gaze exists albeit is not intended for sexualisation for the viewer but more as a means of creating admiration from the viewer it could be argued that it could be viewed from the same gender to another as a means of presenting fashionable clothes or excellent fitness and health in women and men across media as they are idolised not sexualised. The crew always looks to Dallas to answer their questions and his authority is reinforce by the use of tracking shots as the camera typically follows Dallas in his journeys about the ship, focuses in on his face typically observing i. The female bends over and begins touching the mans 'sexual identity,' vigorously man handling the engine. She is isolated, glamorous, on display, sexualised.

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Feminist film theory

mulvey theory

The male gaze that worked for these earlier movies became a standard technique, and became the status quo for camera work. In this work, Mulvey responds to the ways in which video and technologies have altered the relationship between and viewer. In herself, the woman has not the slightest importance. What we see on television, we see as the real and thus copy it within our lives, so the real is being lost unconciously. In fact, out of the 250 top grossing films of 2007, only 15% of the directors, writers, executive producers, cinematographers, and editors were women. To demonstrate this theory, let's use the Hollywood hit The Wolf of Wall Street as an example.

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