In Dhauladhar range fall the breathtakingly beautiful landscapes. They are chiefly composed of and rock formations, which are the solidified detritus of the Himalayas to their north; they poorly consolidated. On the west, the maximum width of the arc is 400 kilometers or 250 miles. Lahoul lies between these two Himalayan ranges. Climatic changes in the Himalayas take place unpredictably. On the bank of the Parvati river lies Manikaran, a place of pilgrimage for the Hindus with hot water springs and ancient temples. The sub-tropical broadleaf forests are very well spread out between the middle altitudes.
It intercepts the monsoon clouds advancing from the southern seas and precipitates heavy rains on the Indian plains. In 1953, Sir Edmund Hillary and Sherpa mountaineer Tenzing Norgay were the first people to successfully climb to the summit of Everest. It differs from Himadri in its more regular and lower elevations. It has a mean height varying between 4000 metres and 5500 metres. Source of fertile soil: Running water and frost have been constantly eroding the great Himalayan ranges. The Beas receives the drainage of the Kangra valley and then flows on to the plains of Punjab.
Yet another feature that makes the Himalayas so unique is that it houses multiple ecological systems. A huge range of wildlife, including over 500 species of birds, are found here during the cooler seasons before they migrate to higher elevations to escape the hot summers. As such, in the past, no large army could cross these mountains. The Wonderland of Himachal Pradesh Revised and enlarged fourth ed. Its average height is about 1200m. It is located in Nepal.
The Hills had revealed that all kinds of animals lived there. Groundwater generally occurs under water table condition and is fit for drinking and irrigation purposes in study area. The longitudinal valleys in Himachal Pradesh divide the series of parallel ranges but there is also an exception as the Kullu valley runs transverse to the main alightment. Summers are salubrious but winters are bone-chilling with extreme snowfall. The Himalayan range is made up of three parallel ranges often referred to as the Greater Himalayas, the Lesser Himalayas, and the Outer Himalayas. They are a great barrier to transport and communication. The remnant of and sandstones indicates that they were deposited 16—5.
Some of the most notable exotic birds are gray bushchat, brown rock chat, verditer flycatcher, Himalayan bulbul, hill patridge and black rumped flameback woodpecker. The Himalayas are considered to be one of youngest mountain ranges approximately 50 million years old , which were caused by a continental collision between the Indian and Eurasian tectonic plates, resulting in the development of the Himalayan mountain ranges. Seasonal torrents, called cos, sweep masses of sand and silt down into ever-changing great streambeds that are dry except after rains. The Beas originates from the Rahalla fall below Rohtang Pass and flows from Beas kund, its ultimate source below Sitidhar range in the Kullu valley. The climate in this zone is very suitable for cultivation of dry fruits. We drive through the Shivalik range covering villages and finally enter the mighty Dhauladhar or the White Mountain Range at lower elevations.
The Himalayas cover approximately 75% of Nepal. Because of the great amount of tectonic motion still occurring at the site, the Himalayas have a proportionally high number of earthquakes and tremors. It is the highest peak of India and 2nd highest peak of the world. It is a chain of low-lying hills, entirely made of fluvial deposits like sand, clay and rounded stones, slates, etc. Shivalik literally means 'tresses of the Shiva'.
They are about 700 kms. The highest peak is Nanda Devi followed by others like Kamet, Badrinath, Kedarnath, Nandakot, Gangotri and others. The second phase led to formation of Middle Himalayas miocene period. There are approximately 40 million people living in the Himalayas. It extends west-northwestward for more than 1,000 miles 1,600 km from the in state, northeastern , through , across northwestern India, and into northern. These are fertile and are of great scenic beauty. These forests also provide raw materials for several industries.
Wildlife includes many threatened species including tigers and Asian elephants. The first spot is taken by Antarctica. Besides, owing to a variety of climatic conditions the Himalayas are rich in forest resources. The Hindu people consider the Himalayas as a sacrosanct place and believe it to be the dwelling place of Gods. Tilicho Lake in Nepal in the Annapurna massif is one of the highest lakes in the world.
The Naga Hills form the watershed between India and Myanmar Burma. Article shared by The Himalayas have been one of the dominant features of India. Within next 10 million years, the Indian subcontinent will move nearly 1500 kilometers further into Asia because the Indian plate is moving at a speed of 67 millimeters a year. According to Hindu religion, Himalayas is the home of gods, most notable of them being Lord Shiva. Makalu, Nanga Parbat, Masherbrum also known as K1 , Rakaposhi, Kamet, Gurla Mandhata, Kongur Tagh, Kailash etc. At lower altitudes, it is wetter.