Made-ups, mostly cushion covers, scarves and accessories of apparels form a sizable export earner. It gives you warmth in winter and cool in summer. It may be mentioned that China had been over producing cocoons in recent years and the effect of this first became evident in 1997-2000 period. Uneven shade, running of color, washing and silk care problems is some of the areas of complaint of silk consumers. Efforts to revive this art have also been made by bringing in innovations like the creation of jamawar saris by craftsmen in Varanasi.
India is the second largest producer of silk after China in the world and has the distinction of manufacturing four varieties namely, mulberry, eri, tasar and muga silks. The Indian silk Industry, the second largest producer of silk in the world after China, is passing through a challenging phase at a time when the domestic silk demand is soaring high and one third of the country s demand of raw silk is supplemented by imports mostly from China. Emphasis on Culture Method: The health system of India depends almost on imported western models. The strength of Handloom lies in the introducing inventive designs, which never be simulated by the Power loom sector. India has evolved one dependent on doctors giving it a top-heavy character. Sometimes cracks would develop in the metal during the process of weaving which resulted in the loss of its natural luster and smoothness. The special magic of silk comes from its interaction with light, which it refracts in a way similar to objects found in nature, such as the minuscule scales on a butterfly s wings or like pearls and seashells.
The textile industry in India traditionally, after agriculture, is the only industry that has generated huge employment for both skilled and unskilled labour in textiles. Factors responsible for their location in the Hooghly basin are: inexpensive water transport, good network of railways, roadways and waterways to facilitate movement of raw material to mills, abundant water supply, cheap labour from neighbouring states. Rural, hilly and remote areas of the country are under served while in urban areas and cities, health facility is well developed. As a result of which the share of mill sector is decreasing, while the share of decentralised sector is increasing. These fabrics are mostly used for making expensive garments and saris. There is marked imbalance noticed in recent times between the demand and supply position in the domestic silk market. The artistic expression and poetic imagination of our master weavers speaks volumes about the spirit of their cultural and historical heritage they carry forward by tradition.
The Pattern of silk export from India is fast changing from the image of a traditional supplier of dress material to a finished apparel exporter. While almost 80 per cent of silk production goes for domestic consumption, the rest goes for exports. Origin of silk - Legends woven together Silk, the mystical fiber has a fascinating history, legends woven together. Silk species and food plants There are many indigenous varieties of wild silk moths, found in different countries. Ba No Batwo creates beautiful jewellery out of waste materials © Ba No Batwo Brown Boy After quitting his finance job in New York, Prateek Kayan moved back to his home to start his own fashion brand,.
About to be introduced in the market are thin silk membrane impregnated with enzymes, hormones and antibodies, which can be used as biosensors vital for disease diagnosis. India could therefore take advantage of this emerging situation if India could change the image of the sericulture industry from a cottage industry one to an organized industrial sector. Design developments:- While there are recommendations that handloom sector should intensification its design in comeback to deviations in the market, the blockages are countless. The country is short of cotton, particularly long- staple cotton which is imported from Pakistan, Kenya, Uganda, Sudan, Egypt, Tanzania, U. Also, during the war times, the British administration in India accorded top priority to silk cultivation in India, specially the Bengal region for the manufacture of parachutes.
China attained the number one position in silk production in early 70s, snatching it from Japan. China accounts for almost 70 per cent of the global silk production controlling almost 80 per cent of the world silk trade and enjoying a formidable monopolistic position in the world silk market. Improved dyeing - Never-say-die approach to dyeing Dyeing and processing is considered to be one gray area as far as the Indian silk sector is concerned. Scanning electron micrographs of the fibre revealed that some fibres were spun after the silk moth was allowed to escape from the cocoon, similar to the promoted by. Brown Boy uses 100% fair trade certified cotton for all its products © Brown Boy Ka-Sha is a brand founded by -based Karishma Shahani-Khan, who is a London College of Fashion graduate.
Problems Competition from artificial silk is the main problem faced by the Indian silk industry. Silk is light but strong, smooth and soft superbly adaptable. Size of the industry The production output of Indian Silk industry in India is 17,300 tons of silk and the country produces 4 types of silk viz. Otherwise speaking, it has completely neglected preventive, pro-motive, rehabilitative and public health measures. Infrastructure and Investment:- Investment in handloom sector has accordingly far been partial to input supply costs.
During the late 17th and 18th century there were large export of the Indian cotton to the western countries to meet the need of the European industries during. In former planning developments at the national level, development of handloom sector was seen as an encouragement for rural development, being based on local resources, local workmanship and catering primarily for local markets. Medical Research: Medical research in the country needs to be focused on drugs and vaccines for tropical diseases which are normally neglected by international pharmaceutical companies on account of their limited profitability potential. The advisory boards for the ministry include All India Handlooms Board, All India Handicrafts Board, All India Power looms Board, Advisory Committee under Handlooms Reservation of Articles for Production and Co-ordination Council of Textiles Research Association. However, a marked change seen in imports into India in recent month is the arrival of higher grades of raw silk, probably to circumvent the anti-dumping provision for silk below 2A currently in force. According to a working group of the Planning Commission the industry needs Rs. It was used mostly for lower garments such as trousers, the lining of the heavy brocade garments or as furnishing.
The Indian motifs were greatly influenced by nature like the sun, moon, stars, rivers, trees, flowers, birds etc. Another emerging silk producer is where mulberry cultivation is concentrated in , and districts. If big things are to happen in the Indian silk sector, we should attract the industrial groups for greater participation in setting up organized silk production in modern lines. Silk is also being used in the production of shampoos, rinses and setting lotions as silk proteins have excellent properties such a giving the hair elasticity, luster and firm lasting shape. The World Bank is going to provide assistance for a project covering 17 states costing Rs. The state government provides a subsidy of up to 50 per cent to farmers for the construction of sheds, purchase of equipment, and for the setup of reeling units.