At this age the child is more independent and able to make more decisions. Sequence of development refers to the fact that development usually follows the same basic pattern, that is skills are usually acquired in the same order. Cognitive Development is a theory made by Jean Piaget about the origins and development of human intelligence. The rate of development however, is when individuals reach certain milestones and at the speed of which they do so, and the rate is also about recognising and identifying and concerns in development and how you can adapt and assist learning and development. Babies develop fast during the first four weeks; feeding and sleeping patterns can start to form and will start to communicate through smiling and crying. The rate of the development is the speed in which it would happen, for instance; by four to six months the child will have control of their head and arm movements, and by seven to nine months they should be able to sit without support and may have begun crawling.
Rate of development refers to the speed at which things - eg companies, industries - grow, change, develop and so on. He is also able to sit upright with support. The child can name colours and sort items into simple sets. Children also learn different emotions through social experience. Some cultures for example the gypsy roman community do not like much intervention from services such as health etc so this could ultimately lead to an issues arising not being identified. He will have begun to form letters and be able to write his own name while also developing his gross motor skills to allow him to hit a ball with a bat and run with increasing speed.
Developing something means to learn different skills, physical aspects and involves gaining control of the body. A child of 4 should be writing their names and drawing basic pictures before moving on to more complex tasks of joined up writing at around the age of 8. Problem solving skills — A child learns how to solve problems through trial and error, identifying there is a problem that needs solving, working out a solution and predicting what might happen. For example 6 spins per minute. Meggitt et al 2011 suggests that the work of Mary Sheridan on developmental suggests that children go through a set stage, according to their age, they start by sitting, then crawling, then standing, and then walking, however it is arguable that not all children can crawl, the visually impaired children often do not.
The child shows an understanding that particular words are associated with people and objects, by using a few simple words in context. Children feel a lot of emotions including fear, excitement, affection, pride, jealousy, sadness and contentment. Physical growth and size Physical growth occurs from 0 to 18 years. He will be able to control his hands more accurately, allowing him to use scissors to cut around an object. Environmental factors including food and nutrition, responsiveness of parents, daily experiences, physical activity and love can influence early brain development of children.
His speech will be clear and fluent and he will gain enjoyment from jokes, singing and rhymes. Using these normative guidelines we can adapt ourselves and children to their age and stage of development including the activities planned for them. Burnham et al 2010 The difference between the sequence of development and the rate of development is that the sequence never changes, it remains the same, yet the rate of development tends to change in most cases. Language development As there will be difference of children progress at the same rate. Explain the difference between sequence and rate of development and why this is important. These are both ways of analysing development. Environmental factors — such as the home environment, how much stimulation a child gets at home, what resources and opportunities are available to a child to enable development.
As from 3 months old, babies are much more alert, and generally settled into a day and night routine and cry less often. Birth; Recognise mothers voice and smell Able to cry to let everyone know they need help Actively learning through touch, taste and hearing Swallowing and sucking reflexes- ensuring that babies can feed and swallow milk Rooting reflex- babies move their head to look for a nipple or teat if the cheek and mouth are touched, helping the babies to find milk… Words 1529 - Pages 7 Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth — 19 years. Sensory Development Sensory development consists of using our senses, which are sight, hearing, taste, touch and smell. He will become extremely curious and attempt to investigate his environment thoroughly. In addition, the sequence of development suggests that, for instance children 0 to 3 years, physical development when born they have limited control over their bodies, and by 12 months they will be able to crawl or roll over.
Gross and fine motor skills are very similar however, as many activities depend on the co-ordination of both motor skills. Sequence Rate The sequence is the order on which children develop. Both verbal and written communication is fluent and the correct grammar is used. Once the simple reflexes have been developed the baby will go into another stage of development where it develops primary circular reactions, and after once it has accomplished it over a certain period, it will move on to yet another stage of development and so on. The paediatrician checks how the baby is developing using milestones. They also have different facial characteristics which can lead to bullying.
An example is where one baby may achieve walking independently at 10 months, but another may be able to at 12 months and another at 16 months. For example, if a child is dropped at 3 months old, the amount of pain inflicted on the child would be substantially high, where as if a child at 3 years was dropped the amount of pain inflicted would be noticeably lower due to the developmental progression of the nervous system. Every child is unique and therefore each child develops and reaches its milestones at different ages. A child usually performs gross motors skills before they perform fine motor skills. During the first month the infant will use cries to indicate when he needs attention. However the sequences are common among most children but the rate in which they develop the skills changes.