For example, The rugby player with the ball uses it to assess the relative position of his teammates and opponents to determine the best possible pass. Some players achieve this by staring at a specific area e. What can he do to keep his mind from getting flustered when he is being corrected by a coach. Remain focused on the present, attending to what is immediately important and blocking out past and future concerns. Players often lose their focus when tired and you can also exploit this fatigue in your opponent if you see it.
This process of directing our awareness to relevant stimuli while ignoring irrelevant stimuli is termed selective attention. The vast array of information presented in the environment is identified by our senses sight, sound, smell and touch. Anticipation If an event is anticipated then often the movements required for the reaction are prepared and began before the stimulus occurs. Effective concentration has been described as effortless effort, being in the zone, a flow state, and a passive process of being totally absorbed in the present and fascinated by the object of fixation. Whiting's Model of Information Processing This model has 3 main stages. Tiger Woods often displays high levels of concentration. The 3 stages above can also be named Stimulus Identification, Response Selection and Response Programming.
Avoid negative thoughts and feelings, as these are needless distractions which rob us of limited attentional resources. Recharge your batteries in between plays. This is known as spatial anticipation. Although this might appear to involve great strain and exertion, the reverse is actually true. Irrelevant and sometimes relevant cues are dispersed. Be task rather than outcome oriented. .
Triesman Model: Combination of the above theories. My son plays high school football. Suggests that all stimuli is automatically activate their representations in memory and are analyzed. A split second loss of concentration during a critical play can spell the difference between winning and losing. Stay positive and realize your objectives. Fortunately, selective attention and concentration are skills that can be learned, refined, and perfected just like razor sharp passes or perfect blocks.
An extended, more detailed example of this is shown below. Slightly relax in between plays while avoiding external distractions. A process where the brain attenuates irrevlevant information, while at the same time saving a large amount of information for analysis. Yelling rarely helps focus, but doing things to naturally improve focus like this help a lot. Perceptual Mechanisms - Information is brought in from the environment and analysed Translatory Mechanisms - Uses this information to make a decision on the skill to be performed Effector Mechanisms - Selected movement is sent to the muscles via the motor nerve.
Concentration is a difficult skill to master because our minds tend to shift focus when presented with novel stimuli. Add a ritual, or consistent routine, to your performances. Be particularly vigilant when fatigued. Stimulus-Response Compatibility If the stimulus is expected then the reaction is quicker than if it is unexpected. From an attackers point of view, the more stimuli you can present to an attacker, the easier it should be to beat them. Sports Psychology and Concentration in Football Careless mistakes caused by distractions are all too common in football, and may have the best answers to this problem. This provides invariant information about the world.
Also covered are Hicks Law, factors effecting Reaction time, Single Channel Hypothesis and Psychological Refractory Period. Two important elements of attentional control, selective attention and concentration, are discussed followed by tips for improving attentional control during games for players at every position. Whilst the ball is still in flight, it clips the net S2. The best example of this is a false start by a sprinter - they were anticipating the gun and the motor programme began too early! This is closely related to the as all information is received in one block and feedback does not influence the action. With weaker stimuli, more irrelevant information is taken in.
Response time is affected by the following: Hicks Law The time to make a decision increases, with the more choices which are available, as shown in the graph below: Age Reaction time speeds up as we develop through childhood, into adulthood, to an optimal point where it then deteriorates again Presentation of Stimuli in Rapid Succession This is also sometimes referred to as the psychological refractory period. Following a mistake, briefly note any changes necessary then move decisively to the next play. Avoid becoming overly excited while remaining focused on executing and implementing your strategy to. I believe the struggle with oneself over attentional control and is even more fundamental than the clash with the opponent, for only after preparing ourselves for battle are we ready to take it to the enemy. Good luck and I hope to hear from you as your game continues to get better and as you continue to invest in techniques.
Since few players invest quality time on attentional skills, there is an immediate and tangible reward for those who do! Some sport psychologists believe that selective attention is the most important cognitive characteristic of successful athletic performance. Tiger Woods was able to attend to the relevant cues in his environment and ignore the irrelevant. The sportsman that lacks concentration abilities will more often than not find it difficult to effectively or efficiently apply themselves to the task at hand. Concentration, on the other hand, is the ability to sustain attention on selected stimuli for an extended period of time. Thinking about the score or how you look are common distractions. For example, a goalkeepers reaction to a penalty will be faster than their reaction to an unexpected shot from outside the box.