A river valley civilization is deeply affected by the river it is situated upon. Both made significant contributions in areas such as mathematics, medicine, agriculture, astronomy, technology, architecture, art and writing. Politically, both Egypt and Mesopotamia had a government with one main ruler, but Egypt had a centralized government with a pharaoh, while Mesopotamia had a decentralized government with a king. When it came to the development of Ancient Egyptian and Mesopotamian civilizations politics played a prominent role in structuring the very foundation of each respective civilization. As civilizations rose and fell, new empires were born making the Ancient Near East an unending battleground. The differences also owed something to different politics, for Egyptian ability to organize masses of laborers followed from its centralized government structures and strong bureaucracy.
Environmentally, these two civilizations were formed in similar surroundings, yet their weather patterns show distinctions. Mesopotamia is said to be between river Tigris and Euphrates which currently the border area between Iraq, Turkey, and Syria. Ancient Egypt, Ancient history, Ancient Near East 1225 Words 4 Pages pessimistic outlook on life because of the unpredictability of their environment. This could be viewed in both a positive and negative outlook, but unfortunately for Mesopotamia, residents had to deal with the Tigris and Euphrates River which caused irregular flooding and this then resulted in unstable agriculture, making the Mesopotamians come up with other ways to make things all the more convenient. Though the kings were not considered divine, they did overtake some of the power and authority of religious leaders. Now these can be the same but there not because these civilizations had there own ways on how to control what they believed and how they would sustain themselves. Women could not testify, own property and they were constantly bounded by rules and judgments such as not being able to divorce, borrow money or sign contracts.
In both societies, the patriarchal leaders were influenced by religion tremendously. This is a major difference in the administrative systems that prevailed in Mesopotamia and Egypt. Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia had highly evolved cultures which supported the development of writing styles and languages. Egypt developed around the Nile River, while Mesopotamia developed between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. It is also meriting noting that there were other gods and goddesses, which represented human emotions and the underworld among others. These two lands were similar in uses, although the Nile differed from the Fertile Crescent in many ways. Comparison Essay Leith Kusmider Before the modern civilizations we all live in came to be as they are today, countless others have risen and fallen before our time.
In Egypt, upper-class women were greatly revered, and goddesses made up much of the religious pantheon. Although neither civilization worshiped the same god they did have many of the same basic principles in their religions. Socially, ancient civilizations were not as lenient towards their women. Their art work had a consistency down through the ages. Another major difference between ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia has to do with religion and culture.
In addition to the upper class were priests, military officers, and soldiers. Due to Egypt surpassing Mesopotamia in areas such as governmental structure, self sufficiency, and cultural traditions, Egypt proves to be the more advanced society. Because of the dry climate and flooding of the river, farmers had to adapt and eventually began to grow crops of fruits and vegetables. Egypt did have slaves and treated them like such. In Egypt, the Nile would flood once a year depositing rich soil on the ground. The most import accomplishment by which Egyptians are remembered today is the construction of.
Each city-state in Mesopotamia had elders and young men that made decisions for the community. This rainwater drains into the Blue Nile that joins the White Nile at Khartum. This was especially seen in the higher society. Many find survival through military power while others find it through trade or an agriculturally based economy. It is clearly seen that shermer and Krauze… 941 Words 4 Pages The artworks of Mesopotamia, Ancient Egypt, the Aegean cultures, and Ancient Greece have similarities that not only reflect objects and images, but also the media, style and representation. These two ancient civilizations portrayed many similarities and differences in their cultures.
With no other constant source of water found for hundreds of miles, Egypt learned to use their only source of water efficiently. Farming had been developed along the Nile by about 5000 B. The achievement of this calendar suggests Egyptian concern about predicting the flooding of the Nile and their abilities in astronomical observation. Upon his death, only a son of the Pharaoh could succeed him. It was around this period that one people, the Hebrews, followed their leader Moses out of Egypt and into the deserts of Palestine.
Although cuneiform was used in Mesopotamia and hieroglyphics were used in ancient Egypt, and they looked pretty different from each other, both have allowed us to gain a better understanding of these two ancient civilizations. Both areas had lack of rain so the river water was for both essential to survive. Due to Egypt being less strict towards the women, Egyptian women were able to have a greater influence on their society. One slight difference between the two ancient civilizations were their different styles of writing, Egypt used a system called hieroglyphics, a series of pictograms. Women in Mesopotamia were often arranged into marriages, without a say on the subject.