Researchers conducted at Solapur in Maharashtra have shown that grasses have good soil binding capacity. Terrace Farming — Terracing is a method of carving multiple, flat leveled areas into hills. Infertile dirt is everywhere and easy to find while the lively, nutrient-rich soil that grows our food is rare and precious. Organic gardening thus nourishes and sustains soil quality and health. This may be done through the use of cover crops, mulch, minimum tillage, or agroforestry. In Baramulla region, mixed planting of Pinus, Cednis and other species has been done. These practices can be used to prevent erosion and even restore damaged soil and encourage plant growth.
Dig drainage channels to guide rainwater runoff. If precipitation tends to cause flooding in your area, a rain barrel or catch basin can be implemented to collect excess water. Using cover crops can also suppress weeds. This method can improve the soil structure and suppresses the growth of weeds. A few of the mechanical measures are discussed below: 11.
Call my pals at the Natural Resources Conservation Service. Lutz and Chandler 1946 cited the following points in support of the vegetational check of erosion: a Infiltration of water is favored due to high porosity of soil under vegetation. Maintain pH The pH levels in the soil can be affected by a number of things. This also gives you a good bed to grow wetland plants. Use a Ph indicator monthly to check the levels of acids in the soil and treat the soils with chemicals to prevent a loss of crops and low yields.
In this, crop rotation practice is not applied and on the strip perennial legumes and grasses are planted on permanent or temporary basis. In this a number of narrow based ridges or bunds are constructed at distance of 1into 2inacross the slope along the contour. This is overcome by cultivating different crops on rotation wise in each cultivating year. Even in heavy rain, the runoff is checked by the plants growing along the contour. The Sharing of Knowledge — More developed countries can and should share their farming knowledge gained throughout the years with the lesser developed nations of the world.
They can be created with grass, trees and shrubs. Wind and water runoff can cause soil erosion, and it is therefore important to ensure that grass and plant life are abundant and no physical or chemical degradation occurs. Before sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Individuals may opt to find a less harmful way to till the soil. However, this method leads to the death of various beneficial soil organisms, loss of organic matter and compaction of soil.
Further, there are some crops such as maize, cotton, tobacco and potato which can be classed as erosion inducing, whilst some other crops such as grass, forage crops and many legumes are erosion resisting. Soil conservation is the best way to make sure that we have the land we need to live on or, in my case, live in. Soil erosion is a leading issue to consider when maintaining healthy soil, either for farming practices or sustaining livestock. Over-irrigation deposits salts in upper soil layers as a byproduct of soil ; irrigation merely increases the rate of salt deposition. I'm also going to experiment with adding humus to a 6 acre test plot.
An improvement in soil health and output is what keeps this method used in the respective areas. Dams Dams are important resources when it comes to soil conservation. Various Ways to Conserve Soil The techniques to conserve soil are very simple and require implementation so as to reduce the dire. In some cases, rows of trees are angles to prevailing wind. In this practice, one main crop and one or two subsidiary crops are grown together on the same land, as for example, growing of Arhar, Urad, Til along with millet. Plants help to stabilize the properties of soil, and trees act as a wind barrier, and prevent soil from being blown away.
Soil erosion by wind can be checked or reduced if the soil is covered by vegetation. The plants and trees provide a home to birds and animals. The foliage will absorb excess water and protect the topsoil from the impact of rain, heavy wind and foot traffic. The Keyline refers to topographic feature linked to water flow. Soil loss and loss of soil fertility can be traced back to a number of causes including over-use, erosion, salinization and chemical contamination. Pollutants and acid are just two examples in this category. Keyline Design — A more enhanced version of Contour Plowing, maximum water retention is achieved by taking into account all the watershed properties when making the contour lines.