Another strength to mention is the orientation on positivism presented so strongly in behaviorism. Since research and experiment is a very powerful tool in providing explanations and clear evidences about a certain phenomenon, early theorists and proponents of behaviourism took pride in initiating the studies of observable behaviors rather than those that cannot be observed and measured like unconsciousness and repressed sexual desires as the bases for psychodynamic theory. You may be restricted by the vagaries of public transport or live far from the company. Seems rather hard to explain all of the behavioral acts of a person in terms of his past experienced. Specifically, it looks at how people process information that they get from their senses and how they respond to these information.
This is a humanistic theory because it has intuitive credibility, it makes sense and is relative to actual communication practice. And may be convert the weakness of their theory into its strength. And through this theory causes a lot of disputes it does have certain aspects that other theories can learn from. Gives a general understanding of the way in which humans develop and attempts … to provide information for questions that have been debated for years eg. Key properties of human agency are intentionality, forethought and self-reactiveness Bandura, 2006, p.
In addition, the principles of behaviourism have been tested mainly on animals. The Origins of Behaviorism: American Psychology, 1870-1920. This is because animals can not consent to take part and are unable to withdraw. Enviroment certainly plays a great role in the life of people, but nevertheless it is very hard to interpret the behavior of people only focusing on the environmental factor. Eric Erikson was well known for his theory on social development which scanned the entire life span of an individual - from birth to death.
Experiences with Military Online Learners: Toward a Mindful Practice. The base of behaviorism lies in understanding the behavior of people and animals as a combination of movements, verbal and emotional answers reaction to the influences stimulus of external ambience corresponding to these movements. The base of behaviorism lies in understanding the behavior of people and animals as a combination of movements, verbal and emotional answers reaction to the influences stimulus of external ambience corresponding to these movements. Strengths This is a scientific theory. These approaches are often very useful in ch anging maladaptive or harmful behaviors in both children and adults.
Electronic Journal of Sociology, Retrieved from. All the assumptions made by behaviorists are to be supported with a practical experiment and as mental processes cannot not, therefore they posses no interest for the behaviorists. Two other assumptions of this theory are that the environment shapes behaviour and that taking internal mental states such as thoughts… 2398 Words 10 Pages in psychology are the behaviourist approach and the biological also known as physiological approach. The second level of critique of exchange theory involves the relationship between economic and social exchange. They dismiss… 1536 Words 7 Pages Describe and evaluate the Behaviourist Approach The basic assumption of the behaviourist approach is that all behaviour is learned through experiences a person has in their environment. The behaviourist approach concentrates on the 'here and now' rather than exploring a person's past or their medical history.
Behaviorists deny the mind of a human being and consider behavior to be the only vital object of psychological studies. Brain-Based Learning: The Neurological Findings About the Human Brain that Every Teacher should Know to be Effective. Therefore if used professionally right it may help to help a person adjust in the society. The behavioral theories originated in the first part of. So having the possibility to predict would give a person the ability to control behavior, avoiding any unnecessary reactions. Instead, every child has their own unique learning style that they respond best to. This can help with childhood problems and issues.
Sometimes the reactions people demonstrate have nothing to do with their experience therefore they have another source — mental activity. And as every psychological theory it has its strengths and weaknesses. There is a plan, a design and a balance in every part of the universe. Behavioural treatments such as Systematic Desensitisation and Token Economies are effective for certain disorders, such as obsessive-compulsive disorders and phobias. This is also a growth place of … positive psychology. An advantage of the behaviourist approach is that individuals consider they have some … ownership of it and that they are choosing to change and are willingly participating in the change to their care and lifestyle.
Deficits in acquisition of operant discrimination and differentiation shown by institutionalized retarded children. Two general ways ofdividing the approaches to psychology are a clinical approach and atheoretical approach. Second, this new idea that leaders can be made has allowed more recent leadership theory research that is based on developing the leaders to produce intended results. Perhaps a number of strengths and weaknesses can serve as a guide to justify this issue. On the other hand, if an approach cannot treat the underlying causes of the behaviour, it is likely the behaviour will return after a period of time. So the main opposition that behaviorists face from the psychological world is that behavior of a person cannot by any means be interpreted leaving aside the mental activity. Strenghts of the behaviourists approach are that it has had a major influence on psychology, it is very scientific, its easily testable, it is able to explain individual differences, explains behaviour using simple principles and it has many practical applications.