Fifteen years later Boo stabbed his father in the leg with a pair of scissors, but his father refused to send Boo to an asylum. Summary: Chapter 11 On the way to the business district in Maycomb is the house of Mrs. This first introduction of Aunt Alexandra presents her as a dominating and traditional presence with strong opinions about how Scout ought to behave. As Maycomb legend tells it, Boo got into trouble with the law as a youth and was shut up in his house by his father. Radley, who plugs up the hole, and all the other adults discourage Boo's interaction with the children, but Jem feels great sympathy for the man, reflecting the beginning of his passage from childhood to adulthood. Dubose yells to Jem that he broke Miss Maudie's grape arbor that morning, which is untrue, and yells at Scout for wearing overalls. Miss Maudie's house collapses and her tin roof helps put out the flames.
Standing alone on the porch, Jem stands on a threshold between indoors and outdoors, between childish freedom and the inside civilized world of adults. When they arrive home, they discover Aunt Alexandra sitting on their porch. However, in the name of public safety, Atticus's moral code calls for him to protect his family and neighbors and kill the dog. Radley about it, and he claims the tree is dying and filling the knothole with cement will keep it alive. Avery, an unpleasant man who lives down the street.
She even runs over to the Radley house and yells a warning to them. Jack promises and keeps his word. Even though she knew she was going to die, Mrs. Scout watches, amazed, and begins to scream. Calpurnia calls Atticus, who returns home with Heck Tate, the sheriff of Maycomb. Dubose, in many ways, represents everything wrong with Maycomb: she is unforgivably racist, raining curses on the children and denigrating Atticus for representing a black man. Dubose was addicted to morphine and the reading sessions helped her kick the habit before she died.
Scout has been trying out swear words on the theory that Atticus won't make her go to school if he finds out she learned them there, but after dinner Uncle Jack tells her not to use them in his presence unless she's in an extremely provoking situation. Inside the church, everything is much simpler than in the church she is used to, and there are no hymnbooks. Jem begins to read Ivanhoe and Mrs. The children introduced in these chapters are a microcosm of their families. This does not happen very often in Maycomb. Chapter 10 -Atticus gets Jem and Scout air rifles for Christmas, and he tells them that it is a sin to kill mockingbirds. Dubose died, and that she did so free from any drug.
Avery is so strong that Atticus demands that they disguise it. Chapter 12 offers the one real window into the life and culture of Maycomb's black community. Chapter 3 -Jem invites Walter to eat lunch at his house with Scout. At the church, a black woman named Lula tries to tell Calpurnia that white children don't belong at the church. Calpurnia confirms that the dog is very sick, and consequently, very dangerous. Atticus's warning about shooting a mockingbird is the first reference to the novel's title and mockingbird theme. Miss Caroline tells Scout to tell her father to stop teaching her to read.
Chapter 13 -Aunt Alexandra moves in with the Finch's to teach Scout how to be a girl. Dubose's frequent corrections of his mistakes had dropped off, and she doesn't even notice when he stops mid-sentence. Walter refuses to take the money because his family is too poor to pay it back. Dubose, Atticus surprises them by coming in. Glossary philippic a bitter verbal attack. The First Purchase church is noticeably shabbier and simpler than Scout's church, reflecting the material poverty of its congregation. Scout points out that he doesn't understand children very well, since he never heard her side of the story.
Unfortunately Dill doesn't arrive that summer - he writes to explain that he has a new father and has to stay in Meridian. Heroism consists of the fight itself, the struggle against fate, circumstance, or any other overpowering force. They don't eat up people's gardens, don't nest in corncribs, they don't do one thing but sing their hearts out for us. It was clear enough to the rest of us. When these feelings explode, as when he cuts up Mrs. Each session is longer than the one before. Dubose, a mean, elderly woman confined to a wheelchair, makes a particularly stinging remark, Jem retaliates by destroying some of her flowers.
Atticus is going to defend a black man in court, and people aren't happy with that. The subsequent events surrounding Mrs. The narrowness of her own experience, seen through the book, demonstrates the rigidity of Maycomb's segregated society. In a couple of weeks, they find a package of chewing gum, an old spelling bee medal, a broken pocket watch on a chain, and an aluminum knife. Shortly after Jem is relieved from duty, Mrs. Dubose, Jem has helped her remain strong and address her morphine addiction. Thus, just like the fire, the dog creates a unifying affect over the neighborhood - no one is immune to it, and everyone must take cover together.