He knows that a group of townspeople want to remove him from Salem, and a witchcraft scandal involving his family would give them the power to oust him from the town. When Parris mentions he saw them dancing around a kettle, Abigail says the kettle just held soup. Act Four Act Four takes place three months later in the town jail, early in the morning. The girls, especially Abigail, are angry that Mary Warren is trying to get them in trouble, so they cry witchery on Mary Warren. The former is a contentious old man, while the latter is a well-respected old woman. After speaking with Kazan about his testimony, Miller traveled to to research the witch trials of 1692.
Influence and originality This section does not any. At her husband's insistence, Mrs. Narratives of the Witchcraft Cases. Abigail decides to play along with Tituba in order to prevent others from discovering her affair with Proctor, whose wife she had tried to curse out of jealousy. Putnam says a witch must be hiding in Salem. Although most of the women first accused of witchcraft were considered disreputable, several reputable members of the community were soon executed, including featured in the play , and in the most controversial execution, George Burroughs, the former minister in Salem.
Danforth refuses, stating that pardons or postponement would cast doubt on the veracity of previous confessions and hangings. Desire, of course, has many different interpretations for both the characters within the play, and for the audience. John says he is refusing to confess not out of religious conviction but through contempt for his accusers and the court. Giles Corey insists that when Ruth Putnam accused , Mr. Betty again awakens in hysterics upon hearing a psalm sung below, and several townspeople rush to her room. The Cambridge History of American Theatre. The performances of Day-Lewis, Scofield, and Ryder were also the subjects of critical praise.
Reverend Parris questions Abigail as to the night's events, and Abigail denies any claims of witchcraft, insisting the girls were only dancing. Conflicted, but desiring to live, John agrees to confess, and the officers of the court rejoice. Mary Warren enters and gives Elizabeth a '' doll-like puppet that she made in court that day while sitting as a witness. John and Abigail face away from Elizabeth as the judge questions her about Abigail's character. The charge of witchcraft, a religious sin, is here linked to other vague social transgressions.
John knows their apparent possession and accusations of witchcraft are untrue, as Abigail told him as much when they were alone together in the first act, but is unsure of how to confess without revealing the affair. Danforth and Hathorne have returned to Salem to meet with Parris, and are surprised to learn that Hale has returned and is meeting with the condemned. As the play describes, the witchcraft trials began because of the illness of , the daughter of the Salem minister, , a former merchant in Barbados. Giles Corey arrives with and tells , who presides over the trials, that is charging people with witchcraft in order to gain their land. He informs John that Abigail had a pain-induced fit earlier that evening and a needle was found stuck into her stomach; Abigail claimed that Elizabeth stabbed her with the needle through witchcraft,. Putnam is a bereaved parent seven times over; she blames witchcraft for her losses and Betty's ailment.
A few days before Proctor and many others are scheduled to hang, Abigail steals money from Parris and vanishes. Title Miller originally called the play Those Familiar Spirits before renaming it as The Crucible. But there were those who resented the wealth they had and the land they owned. Proctor rages against her and against the court. Abigail propositions John, but he sternly refuses her. Putnam, members of one of the prominent families in Salem, enter the room and declare that Betty's illness results from witchcraft. While Abigail was a servant in the Proctor household, she and Proctor had an affair.
He views the proceedings as an opportunity to cement his power and influence, eagerly convicting anyone brought before him. Proctor cries out for Elizabeth to tell the truth, and Hale admits that Elizabeth's lie is a natural one to tell. The girls actively seek the wilderness because it provides them with a place where they can exercise desires that society considers unacceptable. Parris — — Stephen Lee Anderson — Hopkins — Susanna Wallcott — Betsy Hogg — J. When Hale insists that the court is just, Proctor calls him a Pontius Pilate. She believes John still lusts after Abigail and tells him that as long as he does, he will never redeem himself.
Parris confronts Proctor because he has not been in church recently, but Proctor claims that Parris is too obsessed with damnation and never mentions God. Putnam's children have died as infants under mysterious conditions, convince the Putnams that evil spirits are at work in Salem. Records in the Deeds indicate it likely he returned to business in Boston in 1697. John cries out that God is dead, knowing that he too will go to jail along with his wife. Hale makes of a woman who reads strange books. He calls Hale a coward and asks him why the accusers' every utterance goes unchallenged. He becomes convinced that the trials are being used to steal land from the guilty and presents evidence to prove his claim.
Danforth says that if Proctor is not honestly confessing, then he won't accept the confession. God forbid I take it from him! Mercy is freaked out by this. Danforth calls for the sheriff and John is led away, to be hanged. As the girls run away, Parris' daughter Betty falls over unconscious. She explains that they were dancing, which is against the rules for Puritans, but he suspects that they did more.
She raises the window and starts to climb out before Abigail pulls her back. She claims she knows he still wants her. John refuses, saying he can only report on his own sins. Aware of John's affair, she warns him that Abigail is willing to expose it if necessary. Putnam declares that Tituba must be hanged, but Hale confronts her. Proctor reveals his affair with Abigail to show that she's dishonest.