In some sense The Trojan…. Memory and story negate the possibility of existing independently of the past by connecting humans across time to the actions and value systems of their predecessors. . He may want to remain in the city with Andromache and Astyanax, but he knows his obligation is on the battlefield. Homer never implies that the fight constitutes a waste of time or human life. Hector and Achilles both know they are fated to die before riding into battle, yet they still choose to pursue the path of glory—and are celebrated for it—because they value kleos over their own lives, even if it means abandoning loved ones. Even so, Achilles remains a hero who is not easily understood.
For the characters of the poem, war is something that is connected with the other parts of life, something that every man must undergo as he defends his city. The Greek warrior Agamemnon, king of Mycenae, is the brother of Menelaus and the leader of the Greek forces in the Trojan War. In the Iliad she supports Achilles and the Greeks and the King of Ithica, Odysseus, who joined in the Greek expedition to Troy, leaving his wife Penelope and infant son Telemachus behind. For the Greeks, life was based on the idea of strife and turmoil. Glory in battle is what won Greek heroes respect, regardless of the content of their character. The brotherly love between Achilles and Patroclus is more intense than any other warrior relationship exhibited in the poem, as demonstrated by the following quote spoken by Patroclus to Achilles: 'But one thing more.
Not to sin, but to be free to live for Christ. The creative processes of remembering and telling stories allow our histories to remain with us. Shades go down to the gloomy world of Hades. In this book there exists a tenderness and intimacy of feeling that occurs nowhere else in the Iliad. Society depends on the bonds of love and family, and Hektor encompasses and fights for those bonds. Characters emerge as worthy or despicable based on their degree of competence and bravery in battle. In the Iliad, we may say that Hektor would make a better neighbor but Achilles a better soldier.
Artemis is on the side of the Trojans because her brother Apollo sides with them. But there is also rivalry between characters that are often on the same side of the war. Pride also causes the gods to dispute their decisions during the times of war. Tells Agamemnon that Chryseis must be returned to her father. Third, valor: obtained by a warrior for his accomplishments in battle. Other male relationships play major roles in the epic and can be directly related to that of Achilles and Patroclus.
GradeSaver, 27 August 2000 Web. Jaynes sees the Iliad as a book dealing with pre-modern minds. The shield of Achilles is an important symbol in the Iliad. Achilles even argues against eating before the battle, so single-minded is he after the death of Patroklos. Like Meursault, Achilles is an estranged person, and his acceptance of the inevitability of death is his ultimate assertion of a common bond with all humanity.
Hektor's steadfastness in the face of fear is admirable; but overall, the maniacal manner of Achilles is more impressive and effective. He is said to be the father of fifty sons and many daughters; his sons include Hector and Paris. A life lesson that a book displays. The first book ends with a banquet of the gods in Zeus' palace. Readers see more of themselves in Hektor, the family man who cares about his commitments. Romantic love, parental love, and friendship between warriors are the most common forms of love and friendship shown in the poem. When Achilles determines to fight, the outcome for himself and for others is secondary to his goal.
Analysis In Book I, the initial quarrel between Agamemnon and Achilles, mediated by Nestor, is paralleled at the end of the book by the quarrel between Zeus and Hera, mediated by Hephaistos. Achilles cannot reconcile his desire to fight honorably with his companions with his justifiable, but increasingly petulant, anger at Agamemnon. Do you think this means they should get less credit for their decisions? During one of the Achaian Greek army's many raids on the cities located near Troy, the Achaians captured two beautiful enemy maidens, Chryseis and Briseis. For example Achilles gave up many comforts that he could have had from staying home. The Gods are destined to eternal youth and life; however, for humans who are predestined to die, this existence is impossible to attain. Instead the idea of going to war and proving his honor and integrity is a path that he follows sometimes willingly and other times it seems not.
Achilles, on the other hand, wins eternal glory by explicitly rejecting the option of a long, comfortable, uneventful life at home. The brotherhood of Agamemnon and Menelaos, and of Hector and Paris demonstrate their loyalty. Nevertheless, Agamemnon decides to appease Apollo; he will return Chryseis, his war prize. Then it ended with the funeral of Hektor - though we know that soon Achilleus will die. In the Iliad he quarrels with Agamemnon, and withdraws his army from the Greek force. Zeus nods in agreement, thereby initiating the series of Trojan triumphs that make up much of the first half of the work.