Portrait of Young Cortés, 16th century, located at the Museo de America, Madrid. Experience of the rough-and-tumble of New World politics advised Cortés to move fast, before Velázquez changed his mind. Cortés took Montezuma captive and the Spaniards raided the city. New York: Grove Press, 2004. He killedMontezuma, a native american leader.
He killed the nativeamericans for food and gold. Hernan Cortes was born in Medellín, in 1485. Cortés disobeyed Velasquez and set out for Mexico in 1519 to begin his invasion. There are many long-term effects of this, and theyare that they speak Spanish in Mexico, and their religion is mainlyRoman Catholic. When Cortés learned of this, he used it to his advantage. He would be the first to establish what would become known as New Spain. Cortes was a self-made man who was a bastard son to a Spanish noble.
When the natives he fought saw the gun power and the horses they freaked out and thought that Cortes and men were gods so they retreated. The Governor actually changed his mind and cancelled the expedition, but Cortes went anyway on February 18th. This also marked the fall of the Aztec Empire. After many years of rivals and accusations Cortes once again returned to have an audience with the Emperor, but this time he was cut off. The Spaniards had several advantages. Velazquez liked Cortes and helped Cortes to rise in the government. The expedition eventually made its way toTenochtitlan where the Aztec capital was located modern MexicoCity.
When he returned he returned to a state of anarchy in which he was able to gain control of and create order. Cortes then opted to sail to the New World as a colonist which he managed to do in 1504 at the age of 18. Then the governor of Cuba sent a force to Mexico to arrest Cortes. After more fighting to prove his innocence and to reestablish his position of power, he decided to live in Cuernavaca, where he built his palace. But his upbringing in a feudal world in which the king commanded absolute was against it. He arrived in Mexico with 1,100 men and was confronted and defeated by Cortes despite his superior numbers.
Cortes and Cuba In 1511, Cortes went with Diego Velazquez de Cuellar on a journey to conquer Cuba. Section 107, the material on this site is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes. At the time he was still Mayor of the capital of Cuba. He landed in Mayan territory, specifically in the Yucatan Peninsula. When he was fourteen, he began studies at the University of Salamanca in Spain. It was one of the largest cities in the world at that time. Conquering the Aztecs In February of 1519, his expedition reached Mexico.
In his later life he was mostly ignored and barely respected. In 1506, Cortés assisted Diego Velázquez in conquering Cuba and Hispaniola. In 1518, he persuaded Velázquez to make him the commander of an expedition to the mainland. In 1518, Diego Velazquez, the governor of Cuba, appointed Cortes to lead an expedition to conquer Mexico. He probably assumed that he would be successful in his efforts of controlling and conquering the indigenous people in that area. Cortés had gathered 600 in preparation to conquer the Aztec Empire.
However, even if you recognize his name from history class, how much do you really know about him? In 1524, Cortés went to Honduras to halt a revolt against him. Cortés received a repartimiento gift of land and Indian slaves and the first house in the new capital of Santiago. Hernando Cortes not only prevented these indigenous people from attacking himhe quickly subdued the unlucky people of Cholula. In March, 1519, he arrived at Tabasco where he camped with the intention of acquiring intelligence from the locals. Hernán Cortés established himself as an administrator and soldier and became the mayor of the city of Santiago, where he stayed until 1518. Cortés sailed to another spot on the southeastern Mexican coast and founded , mainly to have himself elected captain general and chief by his soldiers as citizens, thus shaking off the authority of Velázquez. Hernan Cortez biography - Later years Bust of Hernan Cortes in Cuernavaca, Mexico Now in his mid-50s, Hernan Cortes returned to Spain.
His father was an infantry captain. He had 11 ships, around 500 men, some horses, and some cannon. According to legend Quetzalcoatl would return from the east in the year one reed. Tenochtitlan finally died on August 13, 1521. Conquest of Cuba In 1511, Cortes joined Diego Velazquez on an expedition to Cuba.
He also had a child with his interpreter Dona Marina. He then became a farmer in the colony. He fought against the Cholula and Tlaxacan warriors after which he decided to take over the entire Aztec empire. Hernan also put a big impact onNative Americans. He sailed with eleven ships, five hundred men, thirteen horses, and a multitude of cannons. Cortes wasn't interested in becoming a lawyer and returned home when he was sixteen.